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51 recorded as a 'Gentleman' for occupation at the wedding of his son...
Headrow is a main street in the centre of Leeds 
Beaumont John
52 Major Kenneth Macdonald Beaumont CBE DSO was a British lawyer, Air Service Corps officer, and figure skater. He made a major contribution to the development of international aviation law.
He served in the Army Service Corps in the First World War, reaching the rank of Major and being awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1918 for his services during the capture of Jerusalem.
His family motto was: "Cartun pete finem" (Seek a sure end).
After becoming a joint partner in 1911 of the London based legal practice, Beaumont and Son, (originally formed as a family practice by his grandfather in 1836) Major Beaumont turned the practice's focus to aviation law following an Imperial Airways accident in 1924. He was one of the three original legal advisers on the (International Air Transport Association (IATA) although it was then called the International Air Traffic Association) Legal Committee and served in this capacity from 1925 to 1946. In the early part of his career at the IATA he was responsible for drafting the terms and conditions for passenger tickets, baggage checks and consignment notes for cargo. In 1929 Major Beaumont attended, as an observer on behalf of the IATA, a conference in Warsaw at which the Warsaw Convention for the unification of certain rules relating to international carriage by air was drafted. He was instrumental in persuading the conference members not to schedule to the Convention standard forms of tickets, baggage checks and consignment notes.

Major Beaumont was elected Chairman of the C.I.T.E.J.A. (Comité International Technique d'Experts Juridiques Aérien) - soon to become the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1946, of which he was also elected Chairman whilst serving as its UK representative. The terms of his engagement were expressed by Lord Nathan thus:
We understand that you know more about the international aspects of air law than we do at the Ministry. In these circumstances, are you prepared to attend meetings of the C.I.T.E.J.A. on the understanding that you receive no brief or instructions from us and that, if we approve of the way in which you handle these meetings, we shall receive the credit and that, if we do not approve, your employment will be terminated?
He was elected President of the legal committee of the ICAO in 1954. Major Beaumont was the author of a draft Convention intended to replace the Warsaw Convention but although, to his regret, his draft was not adopted, many of its provisions appeared in the Hague Protocol 1955. He retired from the ICAO in 1957, but continued to attend meetings as an observer on behalf of the International Chamber of Commerce and the International Law Association.
\Major Beaumont was the co-author of Shawcross and Beaumont, the standard authoritative legal text on aviation.
As a figure skater, Beaumont competed in both the men's singles and pair skating disciplines. His pairs partner was his wife, Madelaine Beaumont. They represented Great Britain at the 1920 Summer Olympics. Beaumont placed 9th in the singles competition, and 8th in the pairs
He went on to serve as a referee or judge at the World Figure Skating Championships, the European Figure Skating Championships, and Winter Olympics Games. He served as President of the National Skating Association of Great Britain from 1956 to 1966.
A philatelist spécialist of the postage stamps of the United Kingdom and some of its colonies, he was President of the Royal Philatelic Society London between 1953 and 1956, of whom he was a member since 1914. He was also a member of the Fiscal Philatelic Society. He was then the founding President of the Great Britain Philatelic Society in 1955, the year he signed the Roll of Distinguished Philatelists.
source: wikipedia

1891 census:
Family live at No.8 Morden rd in Kidbrooke.
Father McDonald Beaumont is a solicitor aged 33, born in Brighton.
Wife Emily aged 35, born in North London
son Kenneth aged 7, born in Blackheath
daughter Gladys M C, aged 5, born in Blackheath
the family have 3 domestic servants living with them.
Beaumont Kenneth M
53 Macdonald Beaumont, son of a solicitor, followed his father's profession. He remained a Londoner throughout his life but his work also involved travel including to the US, and the family settled in Seaford where he died. He had a wonderful turn of phrase as you can see from the short family history he wrote, below...'The Beaumont family exudes respectability from many pores, and intelligence from a few'.
He left the same amount of money as his father in his will - £50,000 (2 to 6 million in todays money depending how you calculate it) - showing they were a wealthy family.

Family history notes written by Macdonald for his son Kenneth (who went on to be a distinguished aviation lawyer and figureskater for GB) in June 1934:

"You ask me to write something of our families. A dull story I fear, but I will make it as lttle so as possible. The Beaumont family exudes respectability from many pores, and intelligence from a few.
It is redolant of law, with slight incursions into other wise professions. Trade has not been wooed or admired, so no large fortunes have been made. Speculation, and even gambling, have not been unknown, but the result has not warranted the attempt.

Your grandfather James Beaumont was originally partner in the firm known as Richardson Sadler & Co. of Golden Square. Old Richardson was in advance of his day, in that in retirement he elected to live in Paris, to avoid his most amusing, scurrilous, sociaty wife, who resided in Bruton street. She had a great, and I should think unpleasant affection for your Uncle Edward, forty years her junior; and I believe that non-reciprocity and neglect to ask her to his wedding lost him a fortune. She took up with a musg less unresponsive boy afterwards, to everyones disgust, but the family did take collectively a few thousands under her will, in which she, who was devoted to animals, bequeathed a legacy for "the promotion of cruelty to animals"!

James Baumont was the son of John Beaumont. James married Elisa Charlotte Fisher and had nine children - William Coppard, Mary Anne (Leadman), Edward, Charles George, Macdonald, Fanny Emmeline (Souper), Constance (Jones), Ellen Torlesse, and Emma Kate.

Your great grandfather Fisher was a partner in the firm of Torr Janeway & C. (now, I think, Torr & Co.) of Bedford Row. Your great uncle Shepeard was senior, and many sons junior, partners in Shepeards (solicitors) of Finsbury and Kensington.
Great Uncle Waller was rather a shining light as a doctor - killed by the fall of a Roman candle at a children's firework party, causing a carbuncle. Three sons followed his profession; one brilliant died of morphia and brandy; another, cleverer, and nicer, from champagne and brandy - one certainly, and both probably, had great pain. the third, mediocre, died naturally.

I know not what great-uncle Madgewick was, but his widow was a dear, as all J.B's sisters were. Some were like aunts Ellen and Emma, others more like Aunt Fanny Souper, with a dash of go. All had biblical names - Rebecca, susan, Sarah, Sophia, Judith and Elisa.

James Beaumont was a most courtly gentleman, ugly but with classic features. His father was better looking and, from his picture, a humourous, easygoing spark, who lost every bob of his money without complaint. The previous ancestors, from miniatures, look much the same type. The only vague hint of aristocracy in our family was given at Blenheim, when J.B.s two sisters were viewing the pictures, and stood amazed at the lifelike likeness of one to J.B. they hastened to the Curator to discover that it was "the Marquis de Beaumont", to their great content.

Your great-grandmother, a Miss King, married Fisher at the early age of 16, a jolly-looking girl, I fancy. They both [i.e. Mrs Fisher and her daughter Eliza Charlotte] lived in Yorkshire for a time, near the Moors and to the authress of 'Jane Eyre', who was so isolated that your grand-mother (Eliza Charlotte) could not concieve how she acquired her knowledge of the world.

Strictly we are entitled to hyphen Fisher to Beaumont, as your grandmother was the last of her race, but we have never done it, and Fisher is not a pretty name. She did have one brother who went the pace and whose death was very sudden indeed, so we did not discuss him much.

Till I was about seven years old we lived at Highgate. I can just remember the jolly odl house and garden, afterwards take by the late Lord Justice Fry. Highgate was then a very conservative, narrow-minded place, where trade was despised, and no-one was reckoned 'in society' unles in some recognised profession. When we moved to Blackheath (before Arundel House) your grandmother was surprised at being taken into dinner by a stockbroker! However he became a great friend, James Nairn Scott. Her views expanded, she became very tolerant and broad-minded, and most sympathetic, but she disliked common people. She died at 92.

Now we will mingle Italian warm blood with Yorkshire and Norman. Grandfather Francesco Manuel Antonini hailed from Genoa, then more a city of palaces than of merchandise. He came of a great Roman Catholic family, brislting with priests and doctrine so much so that he felt a most robust dislike for both, and, in open rebellion, forsook even his military duties to embark for England and a fortune midst the jibes and execrations of his relations. In particular one aunt, to whom he sent a beautiful diamond ring to show his prosperity, though he was really so hard up he could hardly pay for it.

But he was a worker and could speak and write five languages, so he got into Baron Heath's English and foreign Bank, and incidently went to Brazil where he met and befriended a down and out. [note by Kenneth Beaumont: Jackson Kent told me that this down and out was an old Italian friend of Antonini's; that Antonini lent the man £1000]. Years afterwards Antonini met his debtor, now affluent in London, who asked his benefactor whether, in return for the kindness that he had never forgotten, your grandfather would care for a partnership in "Muriettas", then a very great firm. Hence your grandfather made a fortune and retired with it, when the young Muriettas and the Marchese di San Tourey became too fond of speculation and polo for his comfort. the firm failed after the Baring crisis. The Antonini fortune did not do much for the male descendents. Uncle Charles Antonini, a clever surgeon with fine appointments and credentials retired, Uncle Frank, clever as he was, did nothing with his brains.

[note by Kenneth Beaumont: F.M Antonini married twice. By his first marriage were born Charles and Mrs Bedford. His second wife, my grandmother, died as the result of her dress catching fire at a party. Of this marriage there were four children. Maude Elizabeth who married Harrison and then Pike. Emily (who married M.B), Rose Antoinette (who married Hilhouse and then Block) and Francesco Emmanuel (Frank). The Bedfords are the descendants of a daughter of Antonini by his first wife who married E.Bedford.

John Beaumont, the grandfather of James, was Master of the Cutlers Company in 1768. His son, John, was fined for not accepting the Mastership in 1813. Oriana Souper married Edward Wilson, who died with Scott on the latter's last expedition which reached the South Pole.]"

source: family history notes of Macdonald Beaumont 1934

theres a 1904 mortgage record for him in the National Archives showing he owned 7 properties in Ealing.

Mortgage ACC/1462/029 1904 Feb 26
1. H. Cross and Florence Cross, his wife
2. Macdonald Beaumont of 23 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, gent
Premises: 'Spaldwich', 'Swaffam House', and 'Leehurst', all in Regina Road, 'Claremont' and 'Ellangowan', both in Melbourne Avenue, 'Parkside' and 'Lyndhurst', being nos.9 and 10 Drayton Green Lane, all in Ealing
Consideration: £300 at £5% p.a. interest
Endorsed: reconveyance, dated 29 January 1906


1861 census:
Beaumont family live at The Grove, Highgate (which seems to be divided between different large families).
James Beaumont is head of the family aged 52, a solicitor, born in Hackney.
Eliza Charlotte his wife is aged 44, born in Vauxhall.
son William is 19, an articled clerk to a solicitor, born in Highgate
Mary Ann, daughter aged 17, also born in Highgate
Constance, daughter aged 14, born Highgate
Fanny aged 12, daughter, born Highgate
Ellen, 11, daughter, born Highgate
Emma Kate, aged 9, born in Brighton
Charles George, aged 6, born in Brighton
MacDonald, aged 3, born in Brighton
And they have 4 servants living with them

1871 Census:
MacDonald Beaumont is a 13 yr old pupil at a school in St Pancras.


1883 Marriage Banns:
Read out in Parkstone St Peter, Dorset
MacDonald Beaumont and Emily Antonini

1891 census:
Family live at No.8 Morden rd in Kidbrooke.
Father McDonald Beaumont is a solicitor aged 33, born in Brighton.
Wife Emily aged 35, born in North London
son Kenneth aged 7, born in Blackheath
daughter Gladys M C, aged 5, born in Blackheath
the family have 3 domestic servants living with them.

1899 Ships passenger list from New York:
MacDonald Beaumont, aged 41, Lawyer, arriving at Liverpool from New York on board the 'Cymric'.

1901 Census
Macdonald Beaumont (41, solicitor) and Emily Beaumont (38) are stayinging in a boarding house at 19 Margaret st, Marelybone, London.
This may seem odd given that they were wealthy, but it must have been a kind of hotel since the other boarders were all 'living off own means' rather than working, and intriguingly there are a couple of Antonini's staying there too - perhaps cousins of Emily.

1940 Probate:
MacDonald Beaumont of the Gate House, Seaford, Sussex died 13th May 1940...Probate London 5th July to Kenneth MacDonald Beaumont solicitor, and Gladys Maude Constance Grant (wife of George Patrick Grant). Effects £50,120.

Beaumont Macdonald
54 1861 census:
Beaumont family live at The Grove, Highgate (which seems to be divided between different large families).
James Beaumont is head of the family aged 52, a solicitor, born in Hackney.
Eliza Charlotte his wife is aged 44, born in Vauxhall.
son William is 19, an articled clerk to a solicitor, born in Highgate
Mary Ann, daughter aged 17, also born in Highgate
Constance, daughter aged 14, born Highgate
Fanny aged 12, daughter, born Highgate
Ellen, 11, daughter, born Highgate
Emma Kate, aged 9, born in Brighton
Charles George, aged 6, born in Brighton
MacDonald, aged 3, born in Brighton
And they have 4 servants living with them 
Beaumont Mary anne
55 1861 census:
Beaumont family live at The Grove, Highgate (which seems to be divided between different large families).
James Beaumont is head of the family aged 52, a solicitor, born in Hackney.
Eliza Charlotte his wife is aged 44, born in Vauxhall.
son William is 19, an articled clerk to a solicitor, born in Highgate
Mary Ann, daughter aged 17, also born in Highgate
Constance, daughter aged 14, born Highgate
Fanny aged 12, daughter, born Highgate
Ellen, 11, daughter, born Highgate
Emma Kate, aged 9, born in Brighton
Charles George, aged 6, born in Brighton
MacDonald, aged 3, born in Brighton
And they have 4 servants living with them 
Beaumont William Coppard
56 of Kinsale county Cork Beere Henry
57 unmarried Best Barbara Maxwell
58 Solicitor like his father in Australia, moved to Britain, served in WW1 as a lieutenant in the East Surrey Regiment. Best Francis Maxwell
59 Emily was the daughter of a clergyman, and married a clergyman. She was, according to her 7 children, a loving mother who they all adored. She would have led a busy life as wife of a parish vicar in Gloucestershire, quite apart from bringing up her own large family. When her husband then ran a school for missionary children in Surrey, she no doubt became a mother figure for many of the 150 girls and boys whose parents were working across Africa and Asia.


1901 Census:
Henry Summerhayes, age 38, Clergyman C of E, born Boston, Lincolnshire, lives at the Rectory in Amberley. His wife is Emily Susan Summerhayes, age 37, also born in Boston, Lincs.
Children; Mercy B age 8, Grace M L age 6, Christopher H age 5, Eirene May age 3, and Mary age 9 months. they also have 4 domestic servants living with them.

The next house in the census - Whitemoor Rd, Amberley - has Emily's mother, Maria Blenkin living there age 72 along with her brother.

1911 Census:
Henry Summerhayes, age 48, Clergyman Church of England, lives at Trinity Vicarage 122 Finchley Rd, along with his wife Emily Susan Summerhayes, and daughters Mercy 18, Eirene 13, Mary 10, Dorothy Noel 8, and son Julius age 4. Three domestic servants also live with them.


Probate 1951:
SUMMERHAYES Emily Susan of Park House, Burleigh, Brimscombe, Gloucestershire, widow, died 10th Nov 1950. Probate London 12th Jan, to Julius Wilfred Summerhayes medical practitioner, and Humphrey Cochrane Belk solicitor, Effects £1696.
Blenkin Emily Susan
60 George was one of 16 children born to his parents in Ottringham, Yorkshire. He grew up to become a merchant, and 'operated as wholesale grocer, tea dealer and seedsman with his brother, William in High St, Hull', and he is said to have died of St Anthony's Fire, which causes an intense burning sensation in the limbs.



1822 Pigot's Directory, Yorkshire, Hull. p.625
Grocers and tea dealers:
Blenkin, Geo. (wholesale), 67, High St.

1828 Pigot's National Directory, North England and Wales (a list of tradesmen):
Yorkshire directory, Hull
Hop and Seed Merchants and Dealers:
George Blenkin, 67 High st

He has the same listing in the 1818, the 1829 and the 1834 edition of the same publication.


The seeds he was involved in trading were probably linseed and rapeseed:

"The raw materials flowing into Hull gave rise to a number of industries engaged in processing and refining. The oldest of these was the oil-seed extracting industry. There are references to the milling of rape-seed in Hull from the early 16th century and by the middle of the 18th century the industry was well established. As early as 1740Joseph Pease, later head of the banking firm, had built an oil-mill at the corner of Lowgate and Salthouse Lane, and by the end of the century, when there was a growing demand for linseed oil for cloth-making processes, for paint, and for soap, there were numerous such mills. In 1796 in one street alone, Wincolmlee, there were 'three windoil-mills, one belonging to Messrs. Jarratt & Coates, worked by a steam engine, besides horse-mills for the same purpose'. The growth of the extracting industry is reflected in the quantity of cattle cakes exported: this rose from about 150,000 in 1717 to over400,000 in 1737. Thereafter exports were recorded in tons, 52 tons being exported in1758. Similarly, the quantity of linseed brought to Hull rose from 1,902 bushels in1725 to 18,880 in 1758 and over 66,000 in 1783. English oil-seed was also being brought from East Anglia and from those parts of Yorkshire where flax-growing was developing. The value of rape and other seed sent to Hull by the Aire and Calder Navigation in1792 amounted to £9,750."
source: 'A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1: The City of Kingston upon Hull' by K. J. Allison (editor), published 1969.

The same history gives an interesting description of Hull in this directory in 1822, pp. 620-621:
"...within the last century the alterations and improvements have been very great...The whole town lies on a level tract of land and is of triangular shape, washed on two of its sides by the rivers Hull and Humber...the principal streets are broad and paved and lighted with gas. The town is also well supplied with water, brought by pipes from a reservoir which has the appearance of a canal about 5 miles in length. In commercial importance Hull ranks as the fourth in the kingdom. It is also one of the priviledged ports for trade to the East Indies. It is the principal port for the whale fishery, and its intercourse with the Baltic is very great...It sends two members to Parliament, they are elected by the burgesses or freemen, who are a respectable body of about 2000...there are also many places of worship for dissenters; one lately erected by the methodists is the largest in the kingdom belonging to their body, except that at Huddersfield..."
The Directory then goes on to praise the various buildings and the architecture of the town, the botanic gardens, the hospital for decayed seamen, the spacious docks, etc.

- It's fascinating to see the long list of trades and professions in Hull for this directory in 1822. Many of which would seem to be unchanged for hundreds of years, and most of which would disappear in the next few decades as the industrial revolution took hold;

Bakers, Bacon dealers, Basket makers, Block Pump and Mast makers, Book sellers and stationers, Bookbinders, Boot and Shoemakers, Brass Founders, Braziers and Tinmen, Brewers, Brick makers, Brush makers, Builders, Cabinet makers and Upholsterers, Carvers and Guilders, Cheesemongers, Clothes Brokers, Coach Makers, Coal Merchants, Comb Makers, Confectioners, Coopers, Cork Cutters, Corn Factors, Curriers and Leather Cutters, Cutlers, Druggists, Dyers, Engravers and Copper Plate Printers, Fire and Life Insurance Offices, Flax Dressers, Flour and Sundry Dealers in Groceries, Fruiterers, Furniture Brokers, Glass China and Earthenware Dealers, Grocers and Tea Dealers (including George Blenkin), Gun Makers, Haberdashers, Hat Makers and Dealers, Hosiers, Iron Founders, Iron Merchants, Iron Mongers, Joiners, Last and Pattern Makers, Linen Drapers, Maltsters, Mahogany Merchants, Marine Stores, Merchants, Millers, Milliners and Dress Makers, Mill-stone Makers, Millwrights, Music Sellers, Mustard Manufacturers, Nursery and Seedsmen, Oil Merchants, Paint and Colour Manufacturers, Painters, Paper stainers, Pawnbrokers, Physicians and Surgeons, Pipe Makers, Plumbers and Glaziers, Port Dealers, Pot Makers, Printers, Professors and Teachers, Rag and Rope Merchants, Rope Makers, Saddlers, Sail Makers, Sail Cloth Manufacturers, Salt Merchants, Seed Crushers, Ship Chandlers, Shipe Sloop and Boat Builders, Ship and Insurance Brokers, Ship Owners, Silversmiths and Jewellers, Slate Merchants, stay Makers, Stone and Marble Makers, Straw Hat Makers, Tailers and Habit Makers, Tallow Chandlers, Tar and Turpentine Distillers, Tanners, Taverns and Public Houses (the largest number of all the trades/professions listed - 236), Timber and Raff Merchants, Tobacconists, Toy Dealers, Trunk Makers, Turners, Umbrella Makers, Watch and Clock Makers, Whafingers, Whalebone Manufacturers, Wheelwrights, Whitesmiths, Wine and Spirit Merchants, Woollen Drapers, Worsted Manufacturers, Carriers (travel companies), Market Boats, Steam Packets, Coaches...


"As the place where fortunes were made and sailors from all over the world mixed, High Street was undoubtedly a place of high drama and human emotion. A fine instance of this was the reaction to the work of the Royal Navy?s press gangs, which were used by the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic wars to find rich pickings amongst Hull?s seething pubs. These gangs of men would force unsuspecting drinkers onto ships waiting in the Humber and then whisk them away for naval service. Popular feeling against the activities of these gangs grew to such a state that the rendezvous points for the gangs, such as at the corner of Church Lane Staithe on High Street, were destroyed by rioters."

1832 electoral Register:
Blenkin George, Savile st, Sculcoates

1835 electoral Register:
Blenkin George, Savile st, Sculcoates

1836 electoral Register, Otteringham:
Blenkin George, place of abode - No 4 Savile st, Hull. Freehold land, Willliam Egglston is the tenant on the land.

Record of death:
Jan-Mar 1838 George Blenkin, Sculcoates

He was buried on 26 NOV 1837 in Preston by Hedon


This was his wife Mary's 2nd marriage - she had married Wilfred Burnham and had 2 children but Wilfred died, and Mary then had another 4 children of whom George Beatson was one.

There is an interesting legal case in 1820 which involves George and Mary and the custody of some children before the High Court:
'Order for Habeas Corpus for bringing up Children on application of Father.
[The order was made on motion.]
His Lordship doth order that a writ of Habeas Corpus do issue, directing the said defendants George Blenkin and Mary his wife to bring into this Court the plaintiffs Mary Lyons, Frances Lyons and Jane Beatson Lyons the infant children of the said John Lyons, at the sitting of this Court, at Westminster Hall, on the 10th of February next. Lyons v. Blenkin. L. C. 15th January, 1820. Reg. Lib. B. 1819. fol. 208. S.C. Jac. 247.
Writ of Habeas Corpus in the above case.
George the Third &c.'To George Blenkin and Mary his wife greeting. We command you, that you do on Thursday, the 15th day of February next, bring before us in our Court of Chancery, at the sitting thereof at Westminster Hall, the bodies of Mary Lyons, Frances Lyons, and Jane Beatson Lyons, or by whatsoever name or addition they are known or called, who are detained in your custody, to perform and abide such order as our said Court shall make in their behalf. And hereof fail not, and bring this writ with you. Witness ourself, at Westminster, the 29th day of January, in the 60th year of our reign. [From a MS. of Mr. Jacob.]
The Return to the above Writ. The within named George Blenkin and Mary his wife do hereby certify to the Right Honourable the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, that the within-named plaintiffs Mary Lyons, Frances Lyons, and Jane Beatson Lyons, are detained by and are under the protection of the said Mary Blenkin, in the parish of Sculcoates in the county of York, for the purpose of their being educated and maintained by her as their guardian, under the will of their grand-mother Mary Beatson deceased, and according to the trusts and directions for those purposes contained in the said will. Dated the 9th of February, 1820. (From a MS. of Mr. Jacob.) S. C. Lyons v. Blenkin, supra.

source: Forms of decrees in equity: and of orders connected with them, with practical notes’ by Sir Henry Wilmot Seton.

Blenkin George
61 George was born in Hull, the son of a seed merchant, went to Cambridge university, became a priest, and was Vicar of the St Botolph's, the famous Boston stump church in Lincolnshire for 42 years. He still has a church hall there named after him.

Excerpts of a Letter from George B Blenkin to his mother Mary 27th Oct 1843, describing a visit by Queen Victoria to Cambridge:

"I was too excited and frantic to write you a line either Wednesday or yesterday, dear Mother. today my thoughts are a little more rational and collected, though still many degress from mental equilibrium. I cannot, therefore, let it pass without teling you a little about myself and my doings on this most glorious of glorious weeks... On Wednesday, you know, the Gueen was to com: and come she did indeed, smiling and bowing most fascinatingly: we, i.e. our Corpus men, were ranged on a platform in front of the college in full academical dress, gowns, caps, and bands, with the master in his DD scarlet gown, and the fellows round him standing in the centre. O! we did cheer the dear little creature, and she smiled, and looked and looked again, doubtless thinking what a loyal lot of youthful subjects we were....[he then describes how he managed to sneek into the Senate House even though he was an undergraduate to see the Queen and Prince Albert getting honourary law degrees]...

...I popped on my hat and walked in like a private gentleman, into the midst of masters of arts and all the rest of the grandees, and stationed myself in the best possible position you can imagine almost close to the platform of the Thrown. And there I gazed upon smiling Royalty - saw every inch of the proceedings, and when the Queen retired, could have touched her with ease. And as for the maids of honour and ladies of the company, I really dare not trust myself to speak about them. Mahomet's heaven is nothing to it - Oh the bliss of gazing upon female aristocracy! No tongue can describe it...

As she was coming out some undergraduates had a splendid opportunity of showing their loyalty. I was not there at the time unfortunatley. There has no carpeting laid for her for about a hundred yards, so just as she was coming, one of the Dons cried out "Gowns off!" and down they went in a glorious line covering the flags all the way to her carriage, while the undergraduates formed a line on each side cheering all the way. She seemed very much amused a tripped away (they said) amongst them all most capitally, never once catching her foot in one of the strings or anything...."


Cambridge University Alumni Record:
Adm. pens. at CORPUS CHRISTI, Apr. 20, 1841. Matric. Michs. 1841; Scholar, 1842; B.A. 1845; M.A. 1848. Ord. deacon, 1845; priest (Lincoln) 1846; C. of Navenby, Lincs., 1845-50. V. of Boston, 1850-92. Canon of Lincoln, 1858. Rural Dean of North Holland, 1860-81. Select Preacher at Cambridge, 1876-7. Died Feb. 21, 1892, aged 69, at Boston. Perhaps brother of the above; father of the next.

The Boston Standard newspaper in 2001 lionised George thus:

'In a quiet little corner of Wormgate stands a building recalling a man widely regarded as the town's most important religious figure of the last 200 years. The Blenkin Memorial Hall, erected in 1893 just after the death of the man to whom it was dedicated, stands today as a monument to the towering achievements of Canon George Beatson Blenkin who, as vicar of Boston for 41 years, oversaw the restoration of the once-dilapidated Stump. Now very much a fulcrum of parish life, the hall which plays host to a variety of charity and church functions has become a triumph of architectural ingenuity and a fitting reminder of Canon Blenkin's philanthropic and benevolent work'


George had one of his sermons published in pamphlet form, 'Ministerial Responsibility. A Sermon Preached in the Parish Church of Boston, on Tuesday, August 31, 1852, At the Visitation of the Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Lincoln'.
A second published sermon of his is, 'A great man fallen: a sermon ... on ... November 18th, 1852 ... the day of the funeral of ... the duke of Wellington'.

There are also 3 years of George’s diaries held in the Lincolnshire county archives, written between 1852-55, which would have been written when he was aged 30-33. He was obviously a bright spark, getting a BA, CCC, Camb. (Sen. Opt. and 2nd cl. Cl. Tripos) in 1845, MA in 1848, Vicar of Boston 1850-1892, Prebend of Lincoln 1858, RD of N. Holland 1860-81, and Select Pr. at Camb. 1876-7.


1871 Census:
George B Blenkin, age 49, (born Kingston-Upon-Hull, Yorks)is Vicar of Boston, living in the Church Yard, Boston. His wife Maria is 42, born Sausthorpe Lincs.
children; Maria C age 14, George 10, Emily 7, Grace 8 months, and 5 domestic servants.

1881 Census:
George B Blenkin, age 59, (born Kingston-Upon-Hull, Yorks)is Vicar of Boston, living in the Church Yard, Boston. His wife Maria is 52, born Sausthorpe Lincs.
children; Maria C age 24, Emily 17, Grace 10, and 4 domestic servants.

1891 Census:
George B Blenkin, age 69, (born Hull, Yorks) is 'Clergy Clerk in Holy Orders', living in the Vicarage, Boston. His wife Maria is 22, daughter Emily 27, Grace 20, and 4 domestic servants live with them.


Probate record:
BLENKIN the Reverend George Beatson of Boston Lincolnshire died 21st Feb 1892. Probate Lincoln 30th March to Maria Blenkin, widow. Effects £2901 
Blenkin Canon George Beatson
62 Became Grace Pollock. they had 2 sons and 2 daughters.

Attached a Telegramme from Grace to her sister Emily in Amberley, Stroud (where she lived with her husband Henry Summerhayes).
Dated 16th Feb 1900 it says "Official news French has relieved Kimberley. Pollock"
Maj Gen French had lifted the Boar siege the day before with his cavalry units. It shows both how fast news travelled even then, and also how important this news was for Britain that it warranted a telegramme between sisters. 
Blenkin Grace Isabella
63 Became May Streatfield. Had 2 sons and 2 daughters Blenkin Maria Charlotte
64 Fellow of Cambridge, then Prebend at Lincoln Cathedral, then Vicar of Brading Blenkin Rev George Wilfred
65 William was a farmer. They had 16 children (!), and our ancestor George was the 11th.

Mappleton is a small seaside village 
Blenkin William
66 of Stixwold, Lincs.  Boulton Henry
67 of Moulton, Lincs. Boulton James
68 1841 Census:
Bedfield parish, Suffolk.
James Read, head, aged 40, Agricultural labourer
Charlotte Read, wife, aged 40
Frederick Read, aged 20, Shoemakers apprentice
Maryanne Read aged 15
William Read aged 9
George Read, 6
Emma Read, 3

1851 Census:
the family live in Bedfield, Suffolk.
James Read aged 50, Agricultural Labourer, born Bedfield, Suffolk
Charlotte Read, Agricultural Labourer, wife, aged 48, born Bedfield
John Read, 22, Agricultural labourer
William Read, 20, Agricultural labourer
Emma Read 13, Agricultural labourer
Alfred Read, 9, Agricultural labourer
Geroge Anne Read 7, Agricultural labourer
the family also have a Butcher, a Shoemaker and another agricultural labourer lodging with them


Criminal record 1854?
16th Oct 1854 a Charlotte Brighton gets 2 months penal servitude for larceny, in court session held at Beccles in Suffolk.

Is age 51 too old for that?
Beccles is near Lowestoft, which is over 50 miles away north of Sudbury, which also doesn't seem right.
Also why would she be charged under her maiden name?

Brighton Charlotte
69 they had 2 sons Brown Anna
70 became the first mayor of Tumut and a was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. He was one of the earliest residents of Tumut and had gone to the area in 1846 to work for his brother-in-law, John Charles Whitty. When Witty returned to England, Edward purchased Witty's property. Edward later went into partnership with Hamlyn Lavicourt Harris whose sister had married J. C. Witty's son, Henry. There was a close relationship between the Witty, Brown and Harris families. Brown Edward George
71 settled in Coulston, Upper Paterson, Australia Brown John
72 We get the following interesting story of his life from an author called Colin Choat:

‘John Brown of Colstoun, Upper Paterson, as he was almost invariably titled in family history notices in newspapers in Australia regarding himself and members of his family, was born near Copenhagen, Denmark, on 28 April 1787. Apparently some of his ancestors were forced to flee Scotland after the Battle of Culloden in 1746 and John's father acquired "Kokkedal" near Copenhagen.

John Brown went to the Tirhut area of India, an important Indigo production and processing area. In 1823, he married Charlotte Dowling and a number of their children were born in India, including Louisa and William. In 1829 the Browns were back in Denmark and a son, Edward George, was born there in that year.

On 23 January 1838, John and Charlotte Brown, their children, a nanny and three servants arrived in Sydney from England on the Marquis of Hastings. Although the voyage had lasted four months, number of passengers, including John Brown, were so satisfied with the journey that they published an open letter in The Sydney Herald to the captain of the ship. The letter stated that "after a very agreeable passage we cannot deny ourselves the pleasure of expressing to you our high sense of the obligations we owe you for your unremitting attention to our comfort during the voyage, and we request you will accept our sincere thanks."

The children of John and Charlotte who arrived on the Marquis of Hastings were Harriet, Louisa, John, William, Eliza, Edward, Charles, Edith, Gustava and Sigismunda. Herbert, Nugent and Walterus were born in Australia.

John Brown was 51 years old when he and his family arrived in Australia. When the family found a property which suited their purposes at "Upper Paterson" (now Gresford) in the Hunter Valley, Brown named it Colstoun after his ancestral home in Haddington, Scotland.

John and Charlotte Brown and their children were pioneers in New South Wales. They unleashed a great deal of energy, talent, courage and tenacity upon the colony. Some of the large family settled in the Upper Paterson area, while others moved to other parts of Australia. A few, once married, returned to the United Kingdom and Wiiliam, who had been born in India, went to China where, in 1847, he was killed whilst in the Huangpu District, Guangdong province. John Brown referred to his son as being "barbarously murdered by the Chinese at Canton together with five of his companions."

Edward became the first mayor of Tumut and a was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. He was one of the earliest residents of Tumut and had gone to the area in 1846 to work for his brother-in-law, John Charles Whitty. When Witty returned to England, Edward purchased Witty's property. Edward later went into partnership with Hamlyn Lavicourt Harris whose sister had married J. C. Witty's son, Henry. There was a close relationship between the Witty, Brown and Harris families.
Another son, Nugent Wade Brown lived at Ban Ban in Queensland and was one of the first settlers inland from Maryborough.

After John Brown's death in 1860, his wife Charlotte returned to England and, at the time of her death on 11 March 1884, she was living with her daughter, Louisa and her son-in-law, John Charles Whitty. Louisa and Whitty had married in England in 1868.

John Brown died at Parramatta, New South Wales, on 9 July 1860, at the house of his daughter and son-in-law, Sigismunda and Dr. Walter Brown. He was buried in the cemetery of St John's Anglican Cathedral, Parramatta.’

source: Obituaries Australia’ website
Brown John
73 Louisa was born in Bengal to a father born in Copenhagen and a mother born in India. She grew up there until the family moved in 1838 when she was 14 to New South Wales. They moved to the Hunter valley where the Brown and Whitty families were both pioneers, and intermarried, Louisa marrying John Charles Whitty in 1843. She then had 11 children, born in Australia, Ireland and Gloucestershire. The family moved a lot, even within GB, and she is recorded at 3 addresses in England. Her life of 77 years coincides almost exactly with the reign of Queen Victoria - and Louisa's varied and exciting life shows her to be a true Victorian.


1861 Census:
John Whitty, widower age 80, Archdeaon of Kilfenora + Rector of Kilmanaheen, is head of household in an un-named house in Cotham Park, Bristol.
Lousia Whitty age 37, born India, lives there with various children (but her husband John Charles Whitty obviously not there for census);
Ellen, 17 born Australia
Louisa 15 born Australia
Florence 11, born Australia
Mary 8, born Australia
Edith 5, born Australia
Charles 3, born Ireland
Jane 1, born Ireland
4 domestic servants and a coachman

1871 Census
Louisa Whitty, age 47, born Bengal, India, lives at No.14 Thurlow rd [?] Hampstead, London. She is a the wife of a retired officer. [Her husband John Charles Whitty isn't with her for the census.]
Living with her are son Henry T Whitty, age 27, Australian landowner, born Australia, daughter Florence Whitty, age 21, born Australia, daughter Mary Eliza Whitty, age 18, born Australia, daughter Edith Whitty age 15, born Australia, son Charles Whitty age 13, born Ireland, daughter Jane age 11, born Ireland, daughter Margaret [?] Whitty age 9 born Gloucestershire, son Harold age 7, born Gloucestershire, daughter Hilda age 5, born Gloucestershire.
There are also 2 visitors at the house, Mary H Harris age 22, an 81 year old reverend McGee, and 4 domestic servants

1881 Census
John Charles Whitty, age 70, Lieutenant Indian Army now retired, farmer 257 acres, employing 8 men and 2 boys, born Ireland. Lives with his wife Louisa Whitty age 57, born East Indies, at Bradsfield[?] Lodge, Old Buckenham, Norfolk.
With live daughter Jane Whitty, age 21, born Ireland, and son Harold Palmer Whitty, age 16, born Westbury-on-Trym Gloucestershire, and daughter Hilda Sophia Whitty, age 15, born Westbury-on-Trym.
Also living with them are a governess and 3 domestic servants

1901 Census
Louisa Brown, age 77, born Bengal India, widow living on own means, lives at no. 19 Broadwater Down, Tonbridge Wells.
With her live 2 daughters, Mary age 48 and Edith age 45, both born in Australia. Also living with them are 3 domestic servants.


Probate record 1902:
WHITTY Louisa of Broadwater-down, Tonbridge Wells, died 9th December 1901, Probate London 18th Jan to Mary Eliza Whitty and Edith Whitty, spinsters. Effects £3460


Footnote on the Whitty and Brown families

The key to unlocking potential confusion about the various Browns associated with the Whittys is to understand that there are two sets of Browns who intermarried, and who also married Whittys:

Brown family 1 came to Australia from India in 1838 and settled in the Hunter River Valley at Paterson, NSW. John Brown (1787 -1860) was originally from Denmark and he and his wife Charlotte Dowling (1805 - 84) had 12 children: children 1-3 born in India, children 4-9 born in Denmark and children 10-12 born in NSW.

Brown family 2 were four brothers who emigrated from Brislington in Somerset and settled in NSW and Queensland. They were
1.Alfred Brown (1820 - 1901) of Gin Gin and Barolin stations, in the Burnett district of Queensland and Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly 1874 - 82
2. Dr Walter Brown of Parramatta NSW (1821- 96)
3. Dr Henry Hort Brown of Maryborough Queensland (1825 -71)
4. Arthur Brown (1828 ? 94) of Gin Gin station Queensland

The connections are:
a. John Charles Whitty (1811-96) married Louisa Brown (1823 -1901), child 1 of Brown family 1 in 1843
b. Dr Walter Brown married Sigismunda Brown (1837 ? 1903), child 9 of Brown Family 1 in 1858
c. Arthur Brown married Ellen Whitty (1843 -98), sister of Henry Tarlton Whitty and eldest daughter of John Charles Whitty and Louisa Brown, in 1864
d. Dr Henry Hort Brown?s widow Theresa and his children were the beneficiaries of his sister-in-law Ellen Brown?s will
e. Hamlyn Lavicount Harris (1845 ? 1925) worked for Edward George Brown (1829 -95), child 5 of Brown family 1 and eventual brother in-law of Henry Tarlton Whitty, at Blowering station Tumut when he first arrived in Australia
f. Nugent Wade Brown (1841 -1919), child 11 of Brown family 1, managed Gin Gin and Barolin stations for Alfred and Arthur Brown of Brown family 2, and became manager of the Ban Ban Pastoral Company established through the will of Ellen Brown.

Alfred and Arthur (and his wife Ellen) moved back to England to live together in Tunbridge Wells with Ellen?s widowed grandmother Charlotte Brown (mother of Brown family 1) until her death in 1884 and thereafter in their own house. Charlotte was living with her eldest daughter Louisa and son-in-law John Charles Whitty in Bristol at the time of the 1861 census and thus was the ?Mrs Brown? who gave Hamlyn Lavicount Harris his introduction to Australia.

source: research notes of Mary Whitty

Brown Louisa
74 they had 7 children Brown Louise Elizabeth
75 David Brown (Margrethe's father) was John Brown's uncle, ie. John and Margrethe were first cousins when they married.  Brown Margrethe Elisabeth
76 MArgrethe married a second husband after Willam Brown died, called Andreas Berner (1753-1825) and went on to have more children with him. Brown Margrethe Elisabeth
77 lived at Ban Ban in Queensland and was one of the first settlers inland from Maryborough. Brown Nugent Wade
78 David Brown (Margrethe's father) was John Brown's uncle, ie. John and Margrethe were first cousins when they married.  Brown William
79 William was born in and lived his whole short life in Copenhagen.  Brown William
80 William was born in Dalkeith, Edinburgh and died on April 16th at the battle of Culloden while fighting on the Jacobite side. He was the Private Secretary to the John Hay, 4th Marquess of Tweeddale, who was the Chief Secretary of state for Scotland for Bonny Prince Charlie from 1742-1746, served as the Quartermaster at the Battle of Culloden and went to Rome with the Prince afterwards.

There is some confusion here. Firstly, was William Brown part of the ‘Broun’ family who were noblemen in Scotland as some websites claim, and second which Marquess of Tweeddale supported the Jacobites? because John Hay the 4th Marquess of Tweedale was in London at this time and didn’t support the Jacobites… But perhaps that’s because it was John Hay of Restalrig, the younger brother of Thomas Hay (the grandfather of the 5th Marquess of Tweeddale) who fought with the Prince and was his quartermaster...

Anyway, it’s too confusing and I give up on untangling it. What is known is that a Lord William Broun of Coulston was definitely killed at Culloden, and that our Brown family fled to Denmark after the battle.
Brown Willliam
81 daughter of Sir Henry Burke of Glensyke Castle, co. Galway  Burke Mary
82 a Master Mariner in Kingston Upon Hull  Cawood Leonard
83 "A Cleake, a well-known clockmaker of Luppitt in that parish and later Bridport, who was father of Keziah and therefore a grandfather and doubtless instructor of Robert Summmerhayes, clockmaker."
source: family history by Christopher Summerhayes

One of his clocks was put in the church tower in Upottery in 1793.

There is a record of an Adam Cleake being buried at Upottery 12th Feb 1809. Phillis Cleake (assume his wife?) was buried in Uppotery 1st Apr 1810.

Do the dates fit? 
Cleake A
84 Keziah was the daughter of a clockmaker who married John Somerhays, and went on to have 10 children over a 22 year period. 2 children died in childhood. A family history by Christopher Summerhayes says she signed her name with an X in the church register.

Marriage record:
28th Jan 1765, Keziah Cleake and John Somerhays. They are both registered as 'of this parish'

Baptisms registered at Churchstanton:
John Somerhayes, 19th Feb 1775, parents John and Keziah.
Keziah Somerhayes, 10th Feb 1772, parents John and Keziah.
William Somerhayes, 1765, parents John and Keziah.
Cleake Keziah
85 Marriage record 1816:
7th March 1816, Chichester, Sussex.
Eliza Cobden married William Reeve at St Peter the Great.
Eliza's father is Thomas Cobden
There is also an identical marriage record for eliza and William which states the father is Robert rather than Thomas Cobden...


SOAS in London hold a copy of a letter of hers about her husband's missionary work from 1824:'CWM%2FLMS%2F01%2F06%2F01%2F033')

SOAS also holds a portrait of her:'CWM%2FLMS%2F01%2F09%2F01%2F11')

The same record from SOAS gives her date of death as 1869. 
Cobden Eliza
86 Obituary from the Telegraph, 23rd Apr 2004:

'Sir George Coldstream, who died on Monday aged 96, was one of the key figures in the British justice system as Clerk of the Crown in Chancery and Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor from 1954 to 1968.

Tall and distinguished-looking, Coldstream was happy exercising his influence on legislation and senior judicial appointments in the discreet atmosphere of the Lord Chancellor's Office. He had an intense dislike of personal publicity, which made it ironic that he was singled out in the press as "one of the 10 men who run Britain".

Such interest was fanned first by the Act for the creation of non-hereditary peerages and then by Anthony Wedgwood Benn's campaign to be allowed to renounce his inherited title of Viscount Stansgate.

In 1961 Coldstream made a rare visit to the Commons, resplendent in full-bottomed wig. This was to sign documents enabling the Tory candidate in Bristol South East, who had come second in a by-election caused by the expelled Benn's involuntary ennoblement, to take the seat.

After a Peerage Act to permit the renunciation of titles was passed in 1963, Benn described in his diary how Coldstream had come into his office in the Lords, placed his wig on the table, then quickly went through the instrument before declaring it "in order". Benn put his right thumb on the instrument's green seal and, as he handed it back to Coldstream, was metamorphosed back into a commoner. "Sir George was absolutely charming and his face was wreathed in smiles," Benn recorded. "He said that he was glad I was the first to renounce and he showed me the Register of Renunciation which had been specially prepared pursuant to the Act, in which the names of those who had renounced would be written. My name will go as No 1.

"Sir George then said to Mother how much everyone missed Father [the 1st Viscount Stansgate, who had been a Labour minister] and what a popular member of the House he had been."

When, nine weeks later, the Earl of Home renounced all six of his peerages to sit in the Commons as prime minister, Coldstream was photographed outside 10 Downing Street holding aloft a briefcase containing the papers dealing with Douglas-Home's renunciations, in the manner of a Chancellor of the Exchequer.

The son of a stockbroker, George Phillips Coldstream was born on December 20 1907, and educated at Rugby and Oriel College, Oxford. He was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn in 1930.

He served as Assistant Parliamentary Counsel to the Treasury from 1934 to 1939 and as Legal Assistant at the Lord Chancellor's Office from 1939 to 1944. For the next 10 years he was Deputy Clerk to the Crown in Chancery and Assistant Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor.

Whenever an important constitutional change was contemplated, Coldstream was the bridge between Whitehall and the House of Lords, ensuring that the consequences were at least considered - whether it was the decision to enter the Common Market, the setting-up of the Law Commission, changes in the Royal Assent Act or tightening of the rules governing ministers' memoirs.

The Lord Chancellor Viscount Simonds confided to Coldstream his exasperation at Lord Denning's "sloppy" judicial thinking. When Home, as Foreign Secretary, was concerned about the legality of the American blockade of Cuba during the missiles crisis, he talked to Coldstream. Ever loyal and tactful, Coldstream would have been horrified at the leaks of confidential information that occur today.

In his capacity as Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, he was responsible for ballot papers and other documents relating to Parliamentary elections. His duties included preparing writs of summons for each new Parliament, which by custom he signed with his surname only. If he made a mistake, he once observed, he was liable to a £100 fine; but a larger fine was unlikely since he would be out of office before he could make another error.

Among other measures with which Coldstream was involved were the Royal Assent Act, which determined that both houses did not have be present for a bill to become law. From 1944 to 1946 he was a member of the British War Crimes Executive, which involved looking at unedited newsreel footage of the concentration camps and helping to plan documentation before the trials of the Nazi hierarchy.

In addition, Coldstream was also a member of the Evershed Committee on Supreme Court Practice and Procedure from 1947 to 1953, and an architect of the Anglo-American Legal Exchanges scheme in the 1960s which led to considerable improvements in Supreme Court procedures. He also served as a special consultant to the American Institute of Judicial Administration in New York from 1968 to 1971.

Coldstream was instrumental in setting up the Royal Commission on Assizes and Quarter Sessions which recommended the replacement of the centuries-old system of assize and quarter sessions courts by a single Crown Court with jurisdiction to sit wherever it was needed.

As chairman of the Council of Legal Education from 1970 to 1973, he bore the brunt of student unrest over conditions at the Inns of Court School of Law and the Bar's controversial new education scheme introduced by his predecessor Lord Diplock.

Coldstream was devoted to the law. He once said that wrong legal advice was more damaging than wrong medical diagnosis: the doctor could only kill you off, whereas the lawyer's errors might damage a family for two or more generations. "We lawyers see human nature at its worst and at its best," he said. "Greed and generosity, altruism and narrow-mindedness, honesty and deceit, are no strangers to our offices."

Although he looked austere as he peered over his half-moon glasses, Coldstream had flashes of Wodehousian humour, particularly at the annual dinners of Seaford Golf Club, where he was president for 30 years in succession to his father and elder brother.

In contrast with the pinstripe suits and bowler hats he wore in his professional life, off duty Coldstream wandered around in trousers tied up with string. Although not a great one for parties, he was a generous host.

He was also a keen sailor, and kept a modest cruising yacht at Newhaven.

As he grew older, he suffered from severe rheumatoid arthritis, but he coped with the help of daily dips in the sea near his home on the south coast.

He was a voracious reader, given to reciting long passages from Shakespeare and The Pickwick Papers.

George Coldstream was appointed CB in 1949; KCB in 1955; and KCVO in 1968.

In 1934 he married Mary Carmichael; they had two daughters, one of whom died in infancy. After a divorce he married Sheila Hope Whitty, who survives him.' 
Coldstream George
87 Dr John was also instrumental in setting up Norwich City Library, which became the first subscription library in this country in 1657

source: Doctor Collinges and the revival of Norwich City Library 1657 - 1664, by David Stoker
Collings Dr John
88 His life seems to have been mired in controversy.
He was initially ordained an Anglican Clergyman and completed his DD at Cambridge in 1658 having previously had a living at Alphamstone, ESS and then became chaplain to Isaac Wyncoll and his family - John subsequently married Isaac's daughter Elizabeth.

Sometime in 1646 he moved to Norwich, Norfolk where he was formally made vicar of St Stephen's in June 1654. It appears that he had been influence by puritan clergymen, including John Rogers and Matthew Newcomen and in 1669 he was reported to be preaching to Presbyterians and Independents in the house of local Norwich hosier, John Barham, and in 1672 he was licenced as a Presbyterian preacher, whilst still continuing to minister at St Stephen's, Norwich.

Over the following decade, John Collings was ejected from the Anglican church, but does not appear to have suffered much persecution, despite having been arrested twice, apparently due to his prolonged patronage by the Hobart family. In 1689 a new meeting-place was built for John and his congregation in the parish of St John Colegate, Norwich, and he spent time in his final years implementing the union of Presbyterians and Congregationalists.

Collings Dr John
89 wikipedia entry:

'He was the son of Edward Collinges, M. A., born at Boxted, Essex, and educated to 16 at the grammar school of Dedham, where he came under the influence of Matthew Newcomen. His father died when he was fifteen, but he was sent as a sizare (assisted place) to Emmanuel college, Cambridge. He matriculated in 1639; graduated B.A. 1643, M.A. 1646, B.D. 1653 and D.D. 1658.

By age about 22 he had become a preacher, living in the family of Isaac Wyncoll of Bures, Essex, whose eldest daughter he married. After two years at Bures he was called to Norwich, at first apparently to St. Saviour's parish; but in 1653 he took the place of Harding, ejected vicar of St. Stephen's, which he held without institution till the Restoration compelled him to resign it. In September 1646, when he came to Norwich, he was invited by Sir John Hobart to join his household. After Sir John Hobart's death in 1647, part of the house was converted into a chapel by his widow, and here for sixteen years, till the passing of the act restraining religious meetings, Collinges lectured on weekdays, and repeated his public discourses on Sunday nights. He was appointed one of the commissioners at the Savoy Conference, and was anxious for an accommodation. He died in January 1690, at Walcott, Norfolk.

Collinges was a keen controversialist. In 1651 he published 'Vindiciae Ministerii Evangelici,' which is a vindication of a Gospel ministry against the claim of 'intercommonage' on the part of 'gifted men' not regularly set apart to preach. This was attacked by William Sheppard in 'The People's Privileges and Duty guarded against the Pulpit and Preachers,' to which Collinges at once replied in 'Responsoria ad Erratica Pastoris.' In 1653 he attacked two pamphlets, one by Edward Fisher, and the other published anonymously by Alan Blane with the title 'Festorum Metropolis,' in which the puritan observance of the Sabbath was criticised, and the better observance of Christmas Day insisted upon. Collinges names his reply 'Responsoria ad Erratica Piscatoris,' and has a dedication in heroic verse 'to my dear Saviour.' He denies that the date of Christ's birth can be fixed.

In 1654 he attacked the 'Change of Church Discipline' of Theophilus Brabourne in a tract entitled Indoctus Doctor Edoctus. Brabourne replied in part ii. of his work, and Collinges rejoined with A New Lesson for the Edoctus Doctor. In 1655 he published 'Responsoria Bipartita, again discussing church government, and considering the right of the church to suspend the ignorant and the scandalous from the Lord's Supper. In 1658 these controversies are concluded by the publication of 'Vindiciae Ministerii Evangelici revindicate,' against a book 'in the defence of gifted brethren's preaching,' which answered Collinges, and against a book called ' The Preacher sent.' In the preface to this work he enumerates and classifies his controversial tracts. After this Collinges dropped controversy; but his devotional and exegetical writings are even more voluminous. In 1650 appeared 'Five Lessons for a Christian to learn; ' in 1649, 1650, and 1652, parts i. ii. and iii. respectively of 'A Cordial for a Fainting Soule,' containing thirty-six sermons in its first two parts. In 1675 he produced 'The Weaver's Pocket Book, or Weaving spiritualised,' a work intended specially for the weavers of Norwich, in imitation of John Flavel’s Navigation and Husbandry spiritualised. In 1676 he published 'The Intercourses of Divine Love between Christ and His Church,' an exposition of chapter ii. of the Song of Solomon, which in 1683 was incorporated with a similar exposition of chapter i., and a metrical paraphrase. In 1678 there appeared 'Several Discourses concerning the actual Providence of God,' containing ninety-eight sermons. In 1680 appeared the 'Defensative Armour against four of Satan's most fiery Darts,' and in 1681 a tract on the 'Improveableness of Water Baptism.'
Two biographical works were: 'Faith and Experience,' published in 1647, containing an account of Mary Simpson of St. Gregory's parish, Norwich, and 'Par Nobile,' begun in 1665 on the death of his patron, Lady Frances Hobart, but hindered from publication by the plague and destroyed in 1666 by the fire. It was rewritten and published in 1675, because of certain slanders, and contains accounts of the lives of Lady Frances Hobart, and Lady Katharine Courten.

Besides numerous sermons, Collinges also wrote the annotations in Matthew Poole’s Bible on the last six chapters of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentation, the four Evangelists, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians 1 and 2 Timothy, Philemon, and Revelation.
Collings Dr John
90 John Collings was a Barrister at Law, Merchant, Alderman and Mayor of Kingston-Upon-Hull.


Record of marriage + family:
"John Collings of Kingston Upon Hull, merchant, married Ann daughter to Mr Thomas Sutton of Howden, the 6th day of Jan, 1701. To whom were born 9 children..."
Only 2 of their children survived beyond childhood.
source: p102, Fragmenta Genealogica, Volume 12
By Frederick A. Crisp 1997


A history of Hull records that John Collings served 3 times as the Mayor of Hull, and was buried in Holy Trinity Church there, in the south isle at the west end:

"In this vault rest the remains of Anne, wife of Alderman John Collings, who departed this life the 25th of June 1723. Also here lieth the body of Alderman John Collings, above-named, thrice Mayor of this town, who die the 13th day of November, 1733, in the 60th year of his age."

John Collings was elected Mayor in 1713, 1726 and served again in 1732 for a few days after Mayor John Monkton died in office, until the next Mayoral election... "by which mean that Gentleman became a third time Mayor of Hull to his great Honour and Reputation"

'Annales Regioduni Hullini: Or, the History of the Royal and Beautiful Town of Kingston-upon-Hull' by Thomas Gent, 1735


John was instrumental in 1713 in getting the Corporation of Hull to install a new organ in Holy Trinity church in Hull...

"The organ was obtained principally through the
efforts of two sidesmen of the church, Mr. John Collings
and Mr. Nathaniel Rogers.* Mr. Collings was Chamber-
lain in 1708, and Mayor of Hull in 1713, and it was
probably owing to his connection with the Corporation,
that that body contributed considerably towards the
cost, £586 I2s. 7d., of the instrument. On Sunday,
March 2nd, 1712, it was used for the first time, and one
can well imagine the interest and wonder with which
the people heard the strains of an organ, most of them
for the first time in their lives."

source: ‘A history of hull Organs and Organists’
Collings John, (senior)
91 John, like his father, was a Barrister at Law. He practised first in London and then in Hull.


He came from a seemingly wealthy family, which is not surprising since his father was the Mayor of Kingston Upon Hull at one point - one of the most important ports in Britain at the time.

Below are references to land John held at one time or another.

Documents source,'ASHMOLE, COLLINGS AND BEATSON FAMILY AND ESTATE RECORDS' in the National Archives:

terms: a 'messuage' is an old conveyancing term for a dwelling, a 'garth' is an old norse word for an enclosed yard or paddock. A 'boon' is a days work given to a lord for free and a 'toft' is the site of a dwelling, so a boon toft must be some kind of grace favour house?

The way each document is summarised by the National Archives, my understanding is party/parties 1) is giving / selling the property onto party/parties 2)


Abstract of deeds relating to the Collings and Ashmole families 1738-1750
Property: George Inn, Cloth Hall and parcel called Coneygarth (having a passage into Low Gate) on west side of High Street, and adjoining garth called the Town's Yard in Lowgate in Hull. Messuage, garth and orchard in Pindfold Street in Howden. Messuage and garth in Brig-Gate in Howden. Messuages, shops and closes in Beverley. Messuages and closes in Hedon. Farm and 6 closes in Swine. Messuage in Town Street in Anlaby with horsegates in the Furth, South Holmes and North Holmes. Cottage and wind-corn-mill in West Field in Anlaby. Messuage in High Street in Hull. Closes called Maiden Hills (Wold Ings West and Myton Carr East); a little close; and 200 sheepgates in Myton Carr all in Myton. Messuage; 2 tenements nearby in Blockhouse Lane; and 2 closes all in Sutton. Well Close, close adjoining Burton Green and 3 beastgates in Burton Green in Hornsea Burton. Farm and 100 acres in Owstwick. Farm and 52 acres in Hornsea Burton


Surrender and admission relating to manor court of Burstwick 20 May1747
Parties: 1) Robert Lister of Preston yeoman and wife Mary 2) John Collings and wife Jane Property: parcel of a close in Kirkam in Preston

Surrender and admission relating to manor court of Burstwick 1 Apr 1747
Parties: 1) John Collings and wife Jane, Reverend John Clark and wife Rosamond, and Margaret Wormley widow 2) John and Jane Collings Property: specified lands in Preston

Surrender and admission relating to land in Preston 19 Nov 1746
Parties: 1) John Croft gentleman, Thomas Roberts gentleman, John Collings and wife Jane, Reverend John Clark and wife Rosamond, and Margaret Wormley widow 2) John Collings and wife Jane Property: specified lands in Preston

Deed of partition of estates of William Ashmole 24 Nov 1746
Parties: 1)Margaret Wormley of Hull widow; Reverend John Clarke and wife Rosamond and John Collings and wife Jane 2) Ralph Featherston Property: specified messuages and lands in Beverley, to use of Margaret Wormley Specified messuages and lands in Hedon and Swine and 2 closes in Beverley to use of Rosamond Clarke, specified closes in Hornsea or Hornsea Burton to use of Jane and John Clarke Witnesses: R Northan and Richard Beatniffe

Copy will of Anne Sutton of Hull widow 8 Feb 1739
Bequests: grandson John Collings esquire; grand-daughter Mary wife of William Sherman esquire; Mary Hessay of Hull widow Property: moiety of messuage and close; 2 acres in Dyke Marsh Field; 1 rood in Spain Bridge Field and half an acre in Butfield all in Howden Witnesses: Elliner Raven, Faith Lundy and Carleton Monckton

Deed of partition relating to the estate of John Cockerell 20 Nov 1736
Parties: 1) Reverend John Clarke junior and wife Rosamond; John Collings esquire and wife Jane, all of Hull (Rosamond Clarke and John Clarke being daughters of William Ashmole and nieces and heirs of John Cockrell) 2) Ralph Featherston of Beverley gentleman Property: estates of John Cockerell in Ottringham and Owstwick to uses of Jane and John Cockerell. His estates in Hedon, Ryhill, Camerton, Thorngumbald, Paull, Stoneferry and East Newton to uses of Ralph Featherston Witnesses: R Northan and Richard Beatniffe

Copy will of John Collings of Hull alderman 16 Oct 1733
Bequests: daughters Anne and Mary; son John; brother Alderman Leonard Collings and friend Richard Worsop esquire (who are tutors for son until age of 21) Property: 2 closes called Blockhouse Land Close and Blockhouse Close in parish Sutton. Personalty Witnesses: George Beilby, William Nelson and Anthony Lacyster


In the 18th century Hull was, increasingly, an outlet for manufactured goods from the fast growing towns of Yorkshire. Goods like tools and cutlery were exported. Raw materials for the industrial towns were imported into Hull. One import was iron from Sweden and Russia. Materials for shipbuilding such as timber, hemp, pitch and flax were also imported. Exports included grain and other foodstuffs. There were many whalers operating from Hull. Whales were hunted for their blubber, which was melted to make oil and for whalebone.

However the port became congested so a dock was built where ships could load and unload cargoes. It opened in 1778 on the site of Queens Gardens. Hull was not a manufacturing centre in the 18th century. The only large-scale industry was shipbuilding. However there was also an industry grinding rapeseed. They were ground by windmills or horse mills. The oil was used in making paint and soap. There was also some sugar refining in Hull.

Hull grew very rapidly in the 18th century. The population grew from around 7,500 in 1700 to around 22,000 in 1800.


Collings John, (junior)
92 Merchant, and set the way for his son by also being an Alderman and Mayor of Kingston Upon Hull Collings John
93 Mary's father was a barrister in London, so she will have had a comfortable and hopefully educated upbringing. She married John Beatson after his first wife died, and had 3 children.

Due to her husband changing his religious outlook three times during his career as a preacher, we can assume she had enough patience to live with someone who must have been strong willed, charismatic and quite possibly overly convinced of their own ideas.

Although her husband left written religious texts, we know nothing more about Mary apart from the bare factual details of her life.

However, the National Archives do hold papers from the 'Ashmole, Collings and Beatson Family and Estate Records' which show that Mary did come from a family with land, which would have assured her and her husband of a comfortable living, in theory. Details below.


The following records are held by the National Archives:

The way each document is summarised by the National Archives, my understanding is party/parties 1) is giving / selling the properry onto party/parties 2)

terms: a 'messuage' is an old conveyancing term for a house, a 'garth' is an old norse term for an enclosed yard or paddock


Conveyance relating to land in Hull, 2 May 1804
Parties: 1) the Mayor and Burgesses of Hull, and the Corporation of Trinity House 2) Mary Beatson Property: 5 plots of land (lots numbered 16-20) adjoining a passage from Lamp Black Alley to a new street to be called Great Union Street in Hull Consideration: £656 0s 1d


Lease for 41 years at £334 1s 6d rent relating to land in Witham, 24 Jan 1804
Parties: 1) Mary Beatson 2) Thomas Woodmancy (Thomas Woodmancy now of North Bridge in Holderness) Property: as described in DDX126/57 [the Blue Bell in Witham, with messuage and 605 square yards] and close with ropery, manure yards, garths and orchards £3808 four and a half square yards Holderness turnpike road east; new street called Great Union Street, west) Endorsement relating to lease of an additional small parcel


Lease for 21 years at £70 rent relating to land in Witham, 30 Nov 1803
Parties: 1) Mary Beatson 2) Thomas Woodmancy cornfactor and John Jackson grocer both of Witham Property: the Blue Bell in Witham, with messuage and 605 square yards


Surrender and admission in manor court of Burstwick, 4 Jul 1798
Parties: 1) William Gray and Anthony Thorpe of York gents., devisees of Michael Tennyson of Preston surgeon deceased 2) Mary Beatson Property: messuage in Kirkholme in Preston (Kirkholme Road East)


Admission relating to manor court of Burstwick, 27th Apr 1791
Parties: 1) Jane Tennyson deceased 2) Mary Beatson Property: messuage, garth, little close near the church, cottage and garth near Oak Tree Hill and allotment (58 acres 2 roods 24 perches) in South Field and allotment (23 acres 2 rood) in the Neat Marsh and Enholmes in Preston

Admission relating to manor court of Burstwick, 27 Apr 1791
Parties: 1) Jane Tennyson deceased 2) Mary Beatson Property: 2 cottages, a boon toft, barn, garth and allotment (9 acres 2 roods) in the South Field of Preston

Admission relating to manor court of Burstwick, 27 Apr 1791
Parties: 1) Jane Tennyson deceased 2) Mary Beatson Property: messuage on west side of street, and stable on east side of street in Preston


Copy will of Jane Tennyson of Hull gentlewoman, 2 Nov 1784
Bequests: daughters Mary Beatson, Jane Collings and Elizabeth Bramston Property: farm, 3 messuages (one called the Great House), cottage used by William Mitchinson as an apothecary's shop, and lands in Preston. Messuage, hempgarth and close called Footy Garth in Hedon. Farm and cottage at Ottringham. Lands in Keyingham. Closes in Swine. six and a half acres in Paull Lands in Paull. Farmhouse 'now almost wasted' and lands in Owstwick. Lands in Coniston. Personalty Witnesses: William Iveson, Smithson Greene and Thomas Howson Probate: 7 Jan 1791


Grant from Jane Tennyson of Hull gentlewoman to Reverend John Beatson of Hull and Mary, eldest daughter of Jane Tennyson, 22 Dec 1775
Prior to their marriage with annuity of £50 from her property in Owstwick and Ottringham


* Mary's mother Jane married Dr Michael Tennyson, a surgeon, after her 1st Husband John Collings died, hence the name Jane Tennyson of Hull in the above documents 
Collings Mary
94 Possible birth record 1780?
Maria Culley is Christened on 27th Oct 1780, at Kintbury, Berkshire.
Father is Thomas Culley, mother Mary


Marriage record 1799:
Philip Woodgate married Maria Culley
Witton By North Walsham Norfolk


1841 Census:
The Woodgate family live in St Stephens parish, Norwich.
Grandfather Phillip Woodgate is ahead of the hosue aged 65, a merchant, his wife Maria is aged 70

[young] Phillip Woodgate is aged 35, and also a Merchant
Harrietta his wife is aged 35
grandson Phillip is aged 10
Grand-daughter Maria aged 3
Grandson Harry aged 1


Registered deaths Oct-Dec 1846:
WOODGATE Maria, Norwich 
Culley Maria
95 1881 Census:
Aged 77 she is a boarder in Wimbourne Oaksey, Bournemouth, a widower
Also at th same address are Mary Eliza Whitty (?) aged 28 and Edith Whitty aged 25, both born in NSW, Australia.

Dowling Charlotte
96 Arrived Sydney on board Barque 'Marquis Hastings'

Dowling Charlotte
97 Death notice, Sydney Morning Herald, 19th April 1883

"Brown, March 11th, at the residence of J C Whitty, esq, Fernside, Tunbridge Wells, England, Charlotte, Relict of the late John Brown esq. of Colstoun, Upper Paterson, aged 80 years."

Dowling Charlotte
98 gunnery officer in WW1, wounded as were two other brothers, died after the war in a fire in Siam (Thailand)  Ellison David
99 gunnery officer in WW1, wounded as were his two brothers, died after the war in a "coolie riot" in Java (Indonesia). Ellison Harold
100 Became a surgeon, died while arranging an emergency hospital for WW! Ellison John

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