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151 Born into the family of a soldier in India, Mary moved with her family to Bristol while growing up, and then met and married her husband and dedicated the next few years to what must have been a tough life in rural New South Wales, despite the wealth of the Whitty family farms, bearing 6 children in 13 years. She moved back to Britain with her family in 1885 and remained living here in Bristol, and then Wadhurst in Kent until her death at the age of 84.


Mary Hamlyn and Henry Tarlton were both in London at the time of the 1871 census (March). They met in Bristol where it is clear from Florence Stacy?s memoir that the Harrises and the Whittys were well acquainted with each other.

After honeymooning in Europe for several months, visiting France, Germany and Italy, Mary Hamlyn and Henry Tarlton went to live in Australia where their six children were all born at Taramia Station, Corowa, NSW 1872 - 85.

A story is told that during one flood, Henry Tarlton, his children and their nurse were in a small boat. They were in the course of a very deep creek which ran just behind Taramia when he realised the youngest child was missing. Henry Tarlton dived in and found the child 12 feet down on the bottom, who was indignant at being rescued from the fascination of watching a fish swim into a bottle.

Taramia was relatively isolated until the construction of bridges over the Murray at Corowa in the 1860s and at Mulwala in 1891, and the opening of railway lines which linked Corowa to Melbourne in 1879 and to Sydney in 1892.

In 1885 Mary and Henry returned to England to settle their two eldest sons (Henry Hamlyn aged 13 and John Tarlton aged 10) at school and in 1890, Mary and Henry rented a house in Bristol for a couple of years: this was Ivywell House at 58 Ivywell Road.

From 1897 Mary and Henry lived in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, first at Pembury then at Broadwater Down. Henry Tarlton?s grandmother, Charlotte Brown (d 1884), and his parents, John (d 1896) and Louisa (d 1901), had settled there, as had his eldest sister Ellen (d 1898) and her husband, Arthur Brown (d 1894), and brother-in-law, Alfred Brown (d 1901).

From 1898 their youngest son, Noel Irwine, was sent to school at Clifton College Bristol, as had his two elder brothers. Family legend says that his parents were horrified to realise that he had been running wild at Tarramia and was practically illiterate although he could ride very well, and that his ambition was to run away and put his pick pocketing skills, learned from a jackaroo at Tarramia, to use in Sydney. His elder brother, John Tarlton, recounted that being able to ride well was also a considerable advantage to his career in the Indian Civil Service, since it enabled him to get about his district (Bihar) with ease and to play polo to competition standard.

In 1900 Henry Tarlton purchased the Dewhurst estate, near Wadhurst on the Kent/Sussex border and passed responsibility for his Australian properties to his son, Henry Hamlyn.

Mary was a devout Christian, sharing the evangelical and missionary beliefs of her mother?s family, and those of her older sister Harriet and brother?in-law Robert Stanes. Henry and Mary founded a school and a Sabbath School at Taramia, which was a relatively remote station in their early married life. As a new bride, Mary had first to travel by coach from Melbourne to Echuca, then up the Murray River in a small paddle steamer to land with some difficulty on a sandbank opposite the station. She then had to travel for about a mile in a horse drawn wagon across trackless bush to reach Taramia which was then only a slab building with four rooms, a kitchen and a store. Eventually a wooden church was erected at Taramia where monthly services were held.

Those of her grandchildren with parents in the Army or in India would spend holidays with her at Dewhurst in the 1910s and 1920s, running wild six days of the week but having to attend church three times on Sunday (John Anthony Noel). One of the rooms in the stable block at Dewhurst was known as the ?Mission Room?. There was a Mission church at Wadhurst Station where Henry Tarlton regularly read the evening lessons, as well as being a sidesman at St Peter and St Paul?s Church in Wadhurst.

Source: notes of Mary Whitty


1911 Census, filled out by Henry Tarlton Whitty:
Living in Dewhurst Lodge, Wadhurst, Sussex
- Henry Whitty, head, aged 63, living on private means, born NSW
- Mary Whitty, wife, aged 62, living on private means, born Madras
- Eleanor Whitty, daughter, aged 36, single, living on private means, born NSW
- John Patrick Noel Irwin Whitty, grandson, aged 5, born in Bengal, India
There were also 4 visitors and 5 servants in the house.


a tiny personal insight into Mary's character comes from this cutting from a newspaper quotation on a book about midwives in that part of Australia, and is written from the point of view of one of thos midwives:

" had become much more pleasant for Mary and her husband Charles since Mr Henry Whitty had brought his wife from England to live there. Mrs Whitty was a warm-hearted woman ans loved company..."

Harris Mary Hamlyn
152 Nothing is known of her, she died young, and he names - Mary and Isabella were used for younger sisters who followed.

source: notes of Mary Whitty

Harris Mary Isabella
153 Hamlyn Harris was educated at Rugby School and Emmanuel College Cambridge where he graduated in 1765. He was ordained in 1766 and in September of that year was presented to the benefice of Ashley St Leger, Northamptonshire by his father.

In 1780 he moved to Exton in Rutland, a living in the patronage of Henry Noel, 6th Earl of Gainsborough (1743 -1798) and In 1781 he married Elizabeth Farrer of Stamford, daughter of Rev Thomas Farrer of Warmington and Alice Walker. Hamlyn and Elizabeth had at least two children born at Exton: Henry Hamlyn 1782 -1804 and Thomas Noel 1783 -1860. In 1784, apparently relinquishing the living of Exton, he was presented to the livings of Whitwell, near Exton, and Chipping Camden in Gloucestershire, both again in the gift of the Earl of Gainsborough. These two livings were valued at £100 pa in his obituary notice.

Rev Hamlyn Harris was also a governor of Oakham School from 1789 until his death and a turnpike trustee from 1773. He died in 1814.

Tombstone, St Michael and All Angels Church, Whitwell:
Sacred to the memory of the Rev Hamlyn Harris, rector of this Parish, and Vicar of Campden in Gloucestershire, who died on 19th October 1814, aged 73 years.

Source: from the notes of Mary Harris.

Harris Rev Hamlyn
154 1707 Baptism
29th August at Beaudesert
Father's name Samual Harris 
Harris Samual
155 Samuel Harris was owner of a small estate in Daventry and a lawyer of Furnival's Inn.

source: notes of Mary Whitty 
Harris Samual
The following book looks like it has his life story:

"Brief Memoir of the Late Lt.-Col. Sir Thomas Noel Harris, K.H., Knight of the Royal Order of Military Merit of Prussia, and of the Imperial Orders of St. Anne and Vladimir of Russia"

Author Clement B. Harris [his grandson]
Publisher Hazell, Watson and Viney, 1893

A copy is held at the Academy Library, University of NSW, Australia. 
Harris Sir Thomas Noel
157 Thomas led a quite extraordinary life as a soldier in the Napoleonic wars, losing an arm at Waterloo, winning medals, attached to the staff of Wellington and Blucher he would have known all the leading soldiers of his age, Deputy Adjutant General in Canada, Assistant Adjutant General in Ireland, Chief Magistrate of Gibralter, served in India...


Thomas was born on 9 October 1783 and was educated at Uppingham School. He joined the 87th Foot as an Ensign in 1801 aged 17, was a Lieutenant in the 52nd Foot by purchase in 1802 and given the post of Adjutant in the 25th Foot in 1804 on promotion of the previous post-holder. In 1805 he transferred without purchase to the 18th Light Dragoons, stationed in Ireland.

On 11 October 1804 in St Mary's Cathedral, Limerick, he married Elizabeth Hemsworth (1789 -1836), daughter of Thomas Hemsworth (1758 -1811) of Abbeville, Tipperary, and Mary d'Esterre. Thomas and Elizabeth had three sons.

He left the army, then re-joined, rose up through the the ranks, from 1811-13 he was with Wellington in the Peninsula, and by 1812 he was ADC to Wellington's Adjutant General, Charles Stewart. In 1813 he followed Stewart (by now Sir Charles Stewart) as ADC to support him in his work with Crown Prince Bernadotte of Sweden and the Prussian monarchy in Berlin in the alliance (England, Prussia, Sweden and Russia) against Napoleon.

In January 1814 Thomas was attached to the staff of General Blucher and entered Paris with the Allies on 30 March 1814. The following day he was despatched to take the news of the capture of Paris to London through what was still enemy held territory in northern France. He arrived in London on 5 April and was much feted.

Thomas fought at Waterloo on 18 June where he was not only wounded by a musket ball in the chest (which troubled him for the rest of his life) but also lost his right arm. He was found lying in the mud at Waterloo after the battle by his cousin, John Clement Wallington of the 10th Hussars. He seems to have made a remarkable recovery from the loss of his arm, writing with his left hand within a month, and riding and driving a carriage one-handedly for the rest of his life.

In 1854, on his return to England from India, his nine year old grandson, Hamlyn Lavicount Harris, was taken by his mother to visit Thomas and, according to Florence Stacy's memoir, "what impressed the small boy was the way in which he flourished the carving knife as he sliced, with his left hand, the big sirloin which the butler held steady with the fork".

For his injuries he was given an annual pension of £200 and in 1817 he was transferred from the staff as Brigade Major and made a full major. In 1823 he was made a brevet Lt Col and appointed as Inspecting Field Officer of the Militia in Nova Scotia, Canada.

In Halifax, Nova Scotia he was the Surveyor General of Ordnance responsible for the rebuilding of the fortifications of Halifax. In 1830 he was given a commission as an unattached major in the infantry and later that same year made Deputy Adjutant General to the troops serving in Canada. In 1832 he was appointed as Assistant Adjutant General in Ireland, and in 1834 he left the Army.

He was then appointed as the Chief Magistrate of Gibraltar. By 1838 he was a widower (his wife died in 1836) and on the Isle of Wight in 1838 he married Eliza Hastings, Dowager Countess of Huntingdon (1781 - 1846).

In 1838 Thomas retired from his post in Gibraltar and moved to live in Regent's Park, London. In 1840 he was appointed a Groom of the Privy Chamber to Queen Victoria and in 1841 he was knighted again.

St. James's Palace, April 28, 1841. The Queen was this day pleased to confer the honour of Knighthood upon Thomas Noel Harris, Esq. late Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army, Knight .of the Royal Order of Military Merit of Prussia, and of the Imperial Orders of St. Wladimir and of St. Anne of Russia, Knight of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, and one of the Grooms of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Chamber.
The London Gazette 30 April 1841

In 1846 his wife Eliza died in Boulogne. She was buried at St Laurence's Church Ramsgate.

In 1847 Thomas married for the third time in Sevenoaks, Kent. His wife was another widow, Mary Thomson. Mary Thomson was the daughter of Thomas White of Lichfield and the widow of Robert Thomson (1797 - 1833) of Camphill House in Renfrewshire near Glasgow, a cotton manufacturer. She had two sons, one of whom was killed in the Charge of the Light Brigade in 1854 at Balaclava.

In 1855 Thomas was appointed a Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Kent. He spent his last years in Updown House near Ramsgate where he died on 23 March 1860; his widow died three months later.

Memorial in the Church of St Laurence, Ramsgate:
"To the glory of God and in Memory of Thomas Noel Harris, K.H.,&c. who served and bled for his country in the glorious campaigns of the Peninsula, Germany and France, from 1811 to 1814, and at the famous Battle of Waterloo, 18th June 1815.

source: from the notes of Mary Whitty

Harris Sir Thomas Noel
158 Thomas Noel b Whitwell 1808 d Paddington London1889
Married Mary Elcock in 1834, a West Indian plantation heiress from Barbados, who was the only child of Reynold Alleyne Elcock (1789 - 1821) and Mary Mercy Applewhaite (1795 - 1846).

Harris Thomas Noel
159 As soon as he received his share of his father’s estate, William Hamlyn decided to go to Argentina with some friends and lost contact with his family.

He became manager of Estancia Las Algarobas in Rosario but this was not a success and he returned to England in 1893 with his wife and three children.

Encouraged to move to Australia by his brothers, William ended living on Henry Tarlton Whitty's property at Currango where he developed a cherry orchard. His house is now an historic building in the Kosciuszko National Park.

Children; Mary, John, Felicia, Hugh, Francis, Emily, Elsie, William.

source: nores of Mary Whitty
Harris William Hamlyn
160 Dowager Countess of Huntingdon (1781 - 1846), married twice before. Hastings Eliza
161 Amy was born to a high flying doctor and his wife in India, the eldest of four children, and grew up when the Raj was at it's height. She met and married her Scottish husband who was an army surgeon out in India, and was 20 years her senior. They had 3 children and retired from service in India to London.

1871 Census:
Charles Hathaway, aged 54, Physician not practising, graduated at Aberdeen, (born Bromley Kent) lives with Mary C Hathaway, age 37 (born India) at Barnard House, Pulteney Rd, Bathwick, Somerset. Also living there:
Amy F Hathaway, 17
Mary K Hathaway, 13
Ethel L Hathaway, 9
Charles Hathaway, 11
Living with them are a governess and four domestic servants.

1874 Marriage record:
Apr-June Amy Florence Hathaway, Bath.


1891 Census:
George Grant, age 56, retired army Surgeon, born Scotland, lives with his wife Amy F Grant age 37, born East Indies at Fairfield, Alleyn Park in Camberwell, London.
With them live daughter Isabella K, age 16, born East Indies, son George P age 14, born East Indies, and son Charles W, age 12, born East Indies.
Also living with them are 3 domestic servants.

1901 Census:
the Grant family live at No16 Alleyn Back, Camberwell
George Grant is head of family, aged 66, retired Brigade Surgeon, born in Scotland
Amy F Grant, his wife, is aged 46, born in India
George P Grant, son, is aged 24, a leitenant in the British Army, born India
2 servants live in the house

1911 Census:
George Grant, age 76, Brigade Surgeon (Retired), born Glenlivet Banffshire, lives at Boreabole[?] Denbridge Rd, Beckley, in a 12 room house. His wife Amy Florence Grant, age 57, born Punjab India, also there, along with two domestic servants.


She died at Cromwell Avenue, Bromley, Kent, on 16th Oct 1937 and left £17559 to her son George Patrick Grant, retired Lt Col HM Indian Army 
Hathaway Amy Florence
162 Charles was born in Kent, became a doctor and then spent his working life in India, marrying Amy, 18 years younger than him, and having 4 children. He was a surgeon in Lahore, and then dedicated himself to reforming sanitary conditions, especially in prisons where there was a high mortality rate. He was the first Sanitory Commissioner of the Punjab, corresponded with Florence Nightingale, and spent the Indian Mutiny living in one of the prisons to ensure order. He ended his career as the private secretary to the Viceroy of India which shows that he was highly regarded by the imperial govt of the Raj at the time.
Charles retired with his family to Somerset and then Hastings, and left thirty two thousand pounds in his will when he died - a not inconsiderable sum for a doctor (although it could have been family money since his father, about which little is known - was described as a 'fundholder' in one record).


Dr Charles Hathaway joined the Bengal Medical Service in 1843 and became the first Sanitary Commissioner of the Punjab in 1862, as well as being Sir John Lawrence's private secretary (Viceroy of India) .
Florence Nightingale and Charles Hathaway corresponded about the state of hospitals in India 1863-4 and those letters are held by the Florence Nightingale Museum Trust in London. Dr Hathaway was also the author of that best-seller the "Punjab Jail Manual".



'Private Secretary of the New Governor-General of India
Sir John Lawrence, the new Governor-General of India , has appointed Dr Charles Hathaway to be his Private Secretary. Dr Hathaway has long been recognised in the official (indesciferable word) books as an active inspector general of Prisons in the Punjab. In October 1861, in consequence of the fatal outbreak of cholera among the soldiers at Menan Meer, he was appointed special sanitary commissioner; and most of the practical suggestions contained in his report with respect to ventilation have already been adopted, by order of the Commander-in-Chief in the barracks and cantonments of India.'

p.18, Allens Indian Mail, Monday Dec 7th 1863


Excerpt from the 'General report of the administration of the Punjab Proper; for the years 1849-50 and 1850-51'
p.19 General state of Punjab Jails:

'The cost of each prisoner has still been low, only Rupees 32, or £3-4-0, while the value of Prison manufacture sold to the public, amounted to rupees 28,812 or £2,781; Among the articles manufactured for Government were 80,000 Enfield cartridges made by convict mutineers, and also thousands of sandbags for the siege of Delhi, together with a quantity of Commissariat Gear and Tents for European Troops. The mortality was less than 7 percent. 1126 Prisoners were released before their terms, either for good behaviour, or on payment of a fine. It is to be regretted however, that little progress was made with the carrying out of solitary confinement, and none with the instruction of the Prisoners. There is still much to be done before entire uniformity is to be secured. There are still many Jails which do not sufficiently conform to rules, and some irregularity of management exists. For additional defence, two extra watchtowers have been ordered for each jail, and works have been erected to strengthen the gateways.
To the Inspector, Dr Charles Hathaway, a large portion of these results is due. Having during a time of peace helped to establish a complete jail system (which is fully detailed in the Manual he has compiled), he upheld it during a period of trouble. For months during the crisis he slept at the Central Jail, at Lahore. That jail had 2000 of the worst Prisoners, and it was from its position exposed to attack if the four disarmed Regiments should rise. But it was kept perfectly quiet'



Birth Record March 1817:
Charles Hathaway, christened 13th March 1817
Father: William Silas Hathaway
Mother: Eliza


1871 Census:
Charles Hathaway, aged 54, Physician not practising, graduated at Aberdeen, (born Bromley Kent) lives with Mary C Hathaway, age 37 (born India) at Barnard House, Pulteney Rd, Bathwick, Somerset. Also living there:
Amy F Hathaway, 17
Mary K Hathaway, 13
Ethel L Hathaway, 9
Charles Hathaway, 11
Living with them are a governess and four domestic servants.

1881 Census:
Charles Hathaway, aged 64, Physician (born Bromley Kent)lives with Mary C Hathaway, age 46 (born Madras India, British subject) at No.1 Barnard House, Bathwick, Somerset.
Also living there Mary K Hathaway age 22 (born Lahore), and Ethel L Hathaway age 19 (born Simla).
Three domestic servants also live with them.

1901 Census:
Charles Hathaway, aged 84, MD Indian MEdical Service retired (born Bromley, Kent) lives with Mary C Hathaway, aged 66 (born Frichinopoli? India), at No.11 Edward Rd, St Mary Magdelene, Hastings.
They have three domestic servants living with them.


Probate Record 1903:
HATHAWAY Charles of 11 Edward street, St Leonards-on-Sea died 29th August 1903, Probate London 15 October to Mary Cecilia Hathaway widow and the reverend Egerton John Hensely clerk Effects £32,189
Hathaway Dr Charles
163 Birth record 1783:
William Hathaway born 23rd March, baptised 20th April at St Benet Pauls Wharf, City of London
Parents: Benjamin Hathaway and Sarah Hathaway

[St Benet Pauls Church is the Welsh church of the City of London, right by St Pauls Cathedral. It's also the Church of the College of Arms, and was designed by Wren c. 1680]

Census 1851:
William S Hathaway, age 60, occupation 'Fundholder' (born Waltham Abbey, Essex), lives with his wife Eliza, age 57, daughter Ellen age 26 (born Berks Reading), in Church St Wimbledon.
Family members; Anne age 24 (born Bucks Langley), Phillip age 18, an Articled Clerk (born Bucks Langley), Mary C age 16 (born in France 'British subject), and 3 domestic servants.


Death record 1853:
Jan-Mar William Silas Hathaway
Kingston, Surrey.

Burial record 1853:
2nd Feb, William Silas Hathaway, died aged 70, abode Wimbledon Surrey, buried in Kensal Green All Souls, Kensington and Chelsea.


This record refers to another son, brother to Charles Hathaway born 2 years later:

Hathaway, Rev. Edward Penrose,
vicar of St. Andrew-the-Less, Clifton, co. Glouc,
since 1882, rector of St. Ebbe, Oxford, 1868-
73, etc., M.A., Queen's Coll., Oxon, 1844, a
student of Lincoln's Inn 10 Nov., 1842 (then
aged 23), called to the bar 29 Jan., 1846 (3rd
son of William Silas Hathaway, Esq., of
Wimbledon, Surrey); born 16 Dec, 1818;
married 4 Sept., 1849, Catharine Louisa, eldest
dau. of late Rev. Edmund D. Legh, incumbent
of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, London (and grand-
dau. of late Rt. Hon. Sir Christopher Robinson,

...and on the marriage record for Edward Penrose, his father William Silas Hathaway gives his profession as 'Esquire'


Hathaway William Silas
164 of Abbeville, Tipperary, Ireland Hemsworth Thomas
165 described as "the late John Hill Esq of Fieldtown Co West Meath" on his daughter's memorial Hill John
166 Memorial:

Here lies in death Mrs Mary Margretta Whitty daughter of the late John Hill Esq of Fieldtown Co West Meath and wife of Revd Irwine Whitty of Kilrush Beloved and admired in her famIly. She was their ornament their comfort and their care.

Esteemed and respected by her Friends she lived in this parish 29 years, an example of a woman professing Godliness and adorned with good works, deprived of speech and strength, God spared her reason and the power of expressing (on the alphabet). Her death bed sentiments and proving the mighty power of religion in the support of a dying Christian She died on Saturday evening 15th Novr 1806 in the 53rd year of her age and followed by her husband and three sons, was interred here by the side of her only daughter at the late hour in the night of 17th as she had herself desired and all the women stood by her weeping and showing the coats and garments which she made while she was with them.
?The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away
Blessed be the name of the Lord'.

Gravestone St Senan's Church of Ireland Kilrush

source: research notes of Mary Whitty 
Hill Mary
167 Marriage Record 1811:
William Fisher of St Mary Lambeth and Elizabeth King of this Parish, were married in this church this 15th December. st George Church, Hanover Square, Westminster

Daughter Birth Record 1817:
Eliza Charlotte, daughter of William and Elizabeth Fisher
Abode, Vauxhall Walk. william occupation is 'Gentleman'.
Baptised 12th Feb 1817 at St Mary's Lambeth.
King Elizabeth
168 John Lambert came over with the Earl of Clanricarda 1630, and he was the second son of John Lambert of Calton and Skipton, Yorks. He settled in County Galway on a lease they held of the deer park of Patumna from the Earl of Clanricarda. Either he or the earl was killed at the siege of Derry in 1689. Lambert John
169 of Milford Lambert John
170 of Calton and Skipton, Yorkshire Lambert Jonn
171 of Milford, County Galway.


1861 Census Record:
Jersey, Channel Islands.
Cuthbert Barlow, age 65, Major half Pay, born Ireland, lives with Mary his wife, age 54, born Ireland, at No.64 Rouge Boullon, St Helier, Jersey.
With them live daughters Ismena Barlow, 15, born India, Alice Diane Barlow, age 24, born India, grandaughters Mary Cassidy 15, born Iralnd, Henrietta Cassidy, 12 born Ireland, and grandson John(?) age 7 born Ireland.

Lambert Mary Ann
172 of Greyclare, Co. Galway  Lambert Walter
173 of Stirtloe House, Hunts. and Frieston Priory (repurchased having been sold by his father). Colonel in 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. Fought at Waterloo.  Linton Col. John
174 A soldier - Lt in 75th Regt. Died form the bursting of a gun at Goree, Africa.

The background to this was the sailing of the 75th Regt in March 1779 on board about 20 east Indiamen which were escorted by 6 ships of the line. they sailed from Portsmouth to Madeira, and then on to Goree, which the French evacuated before they got there. the regiment then sailed on to India via Cape Town.

Goree is one of the islands at Dakar in modern day Senegal  
Linton D'Arcy
175 died aged 5 Linton Edward
176 died in infancy Linton Geoffrey
177 Justice of the Peace, went to Magdalen College Oxford, Vicar of Frieston 1782-1800, Recto of Leverton 1784-1800, Rector of Dinton, Wiltshire, 1800-1841. died without issue.  Linton Henry
178 They had one daughter, Isabella Elizabeth Beauford Linton Isabella Elizabeth
179 of Hemingford Abbots, Hunts. had three daughters who died young and son who survived. Linton James
180 'The surname Linton is probably topographical, and “the place which gave rise to the name is easily found. There is an ancient parish in Wharfdale of this name, which includes Grassington, Hebden, threshfield, etc. the linn or lake has long been drained off, but the ton or enclosure by the linn gave the name to the place and to one or more families who owned land there. There are besides in Yorkshire three hamlets of the same name, a Linton near wetherby, another between Helmethorpe and Thorpe Basset, and a Linton upon Ouse 9 miles NW of York; any of which if ancient may have given rise to a family of the same name.'
source: p. 29, ‘The Hortons of Howroyde and some allied families’, compiled and edited by Edward F Linton, 1911

During the 14th century the name De Lynton occurs - a grant of land in 1352 mentions a Robert de Lynton - during the 15th the ‘de’ gets rubbed off - we have a will of a John Lynton of York in 1473. There was obviously a strong presence of Lintons in the area where Jeffrey Linton lived in the late 17th century because between 1762 and 1786 there were no fewer than five different men called Jeffrey Linton who were married in that parish.  
Linton Jeffrey
181 Of Stillington Parish, Yorks. Linton Jeffrey
182 John Linton of was born into a landed family and was a landowner himself in Freiston (Lincs.), like his father and grandfather. He lived in Frieston Priory in Lincolnshire (he probably was first of his family to buy it and move in), later moving in 1815 sixty miles south to live in a country house called Stirtloe House in Huntingdonshire. He was also a Justice of the Peace, which cements him as a pillar of the community. He 'married well' and his wife was from a similar background, if a bit grander - both her parents had portraits painted by Joshua Reynolds.

We know he was an agriculturalist at a time of agrarian change, he acted decisively (see apple story below), he was good landlord to his local cottagers (see description below) and looked like a fairly stern character if his portrait is anything to go by.


"It is on record that John Linton, Squire of Freiston was an advanced and progressive agriculturalist (Wheelers Fens of South Lincolnshire, pp. 339, 402) who took his part in reclaiming the foreshore and acquiring the East Fen lands which were retained in the family, after the Priory was sold, and also an active magistrate. He was also a man of ready wit and prompt action. When orchard robbery was prevalent and the perpetrators could not be traced, he obtained a human leg from a surgeon at some distance, had the amputated limb and the mantrap ‘found’ in his orchard, and directed the local crier to go to his round 'cry' the ghastly relic. No one claimed the leg of course, but no-one after that molested the orchard."

source: p.32 ‘The Hortons of Howroyde and some allied families’, compiled and edited by Edward F Linton, 1911


John Linton is also mentioned in a book on the Lincolnshire Fenlands, Wheelers ''A history of the fens of south Lincolnshire' 2nd ed 1897:

"Arthur Young, in his General View of the Agriculture of the
County of Lincoln, drawn up for the Board of Agriculture, in 1799, has given a very full description of the condition and farming of the Fens previous to their enclosure, from which the following particulars... In the parish of Freiston, containing about 3,000 acres, there is not one plot of more than 48 acres together, belonging to one person...
...Cabbages were grown at the beginning of the present century, both in Holland Fen and at Freiston, and were used for feeding sheep and bullocks. As an example of their use it may be stated that Mr. Linton of Freiston, in the winter of 1795, fed 8 bullocks with cabbages and a small quantity of hay, given in cribs in a well littered yard ; they were, at putting to cabbages, worth £16 each, on the 16th December, and about the end of February were sold in Smithfield for £25 each. Their consumption of hay was not
one third of their food. They ate three acres, which yielded
...The system of small holdings has been in existence in the Fenland for more than a century. In 1799 the allotment system in the parish of Freiston is thus described, " Mr. Linton's grandfather, and father before him, continued Allotments of so much land to cottagers as will enable the labourer living in them to keep a cow, a pig and a very few sheep, chiefly raised from cade lambs, (the fens were unenclosed commons at that time), which Mr. Linton himself also continued and formed others ... In general they have from 2 to 7 acres at the rent of the country, paying about 40/- for the cottage, exclusive of the value of the land ... Fencing and digging the garden, he does himself in mornings and evenings; all other attentions by his wife
and family. He fattens the calf and sells to the butcher. He sells some butter, except when the lambs are rearing. Mr. Linton has not observed that having land in this manner has an effect in taking them from their work, whilst the system tends to bring up their families in habits of industry ; and he scarcely knows an instance of families thus provided applying to the parish for assistance; and
he is well convinced that he loses nothing by this application of land...Wherever this system is found poor rates are low."
pp 403 + 426

"In the beginning of the present century, an Act was obtained for embanking the salt marshes in the parishes of Freiston and Butterwick, and for enclosing the same and also other common lands. The area of land embanked from the sea, lying outside the Roman Bank, was 300 acres. The open fields and ings enclosed were 1,500 acres and also about 100 acres of waste ground. A Committee, consisting of John Linton, Samuel Barnard, John Coupland, Richard Hanson, William Plummer, Richard Bazlinton and Henry Cook, was appointed to superintend the works relating to the embanking
and draining of the marsh, which were to be carried out under the direction of an engineer."
p.72, ibid.

"At a meeting of the General Commissioners, held at the
Peacock Inn, at Boston, Mr. John Linton in the chair, it was
resolved " That it appears to this meeting that it is desirable to take effectual means for completing the drainage and navigation on a dead level with the sill of the Grand Sluice " ; and in 1806 Mr. Bower was directed to make an estimate of the cost of carrying out this work. This estimate amounted to £92,736, and included the new cut at Dogdyke and Horsley Deeps, and three new locks, but was exclusive of land."
p. 162 ibid.

"Potatoes were valued at 8d. per bushel, and used for feeding bullocks, and young cattle. One farmer at Spalding is reported as having grown 200 acres, for feeding bullocks, &c, but ' was ruined though the crops were very great.' At Freiston they were grown by Mr. Linton, but " though they were a valuable crop, yet the uncertainty of sale, and the extraordinary attention they demanded, induced him to give up the cultivation. At Leake and Wrangle there were some wastes which the cottagers took in, and on which they cultivated potatoes ; they had, however, no right, and being rather a lawless set, the practice
was found productive of some evils." [no doubt this refers to making moonshine with potatoes?]
p. 399 ibid.

Source: 'A history of the fens of south Lincolnshire - being a description of the rivers Witham and Welland and their estuary, and an account of the reclamation, drainage, and enclosure of the fens adjacent thereto' 2d ed. greatly enl.
By W.H. Wheeler ....
Published 1897


Record of marriage
28th April 1789, John Linton, esq, of Freeston, co. Lincoln, to Miss Isabella Trollope of Caswick.

source: Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review, Volume 60, Part 1, p.474


Marriage settlement record, 27th April 1790:

1. John Linton, Freiston,Lincs.Esq.
2. Isabella Trollope, Casewick,Lincs.Sp.
3. Sir John Trollope, Casewick,Bart. & Henry Boulton, Moulton,Lincs.Esq.
Marriage of 1 & 2.
John Linton to trustees: Messuage called Hall Coates & 40a in Freiston at Crane Jug & Alldyke purchased by John Linton,grandfather of 1. of Eliz.Mellesh.Messuage & lands purchased of Stephen Fletcher also in Freiston & other lands in Freiston, also Demesne lands of Priory or Manor of Freiston, Rectories of Freiston & Butterwick.
Isabella Trollope to Trustees £650 (part of Portion of £1000).

John bought bought Stirtloe House on 14th July 1815 for £5,500 from Helena Ferrers of Baddesley, Warwick, Widow.
Sale included; Stirtloe House, outhouses, stables, coachhouses, gardens, several closes of land. 29a adjoining. 7 cottages, gardens & land 1½a, Buckden.
(There are various other papers from transactions of land from John Liston also contained on this webpage) 
Linton John
183 of Freiston Manor, Lincs. Went to the same school as his father - Coxwold School in Yorkshire, then got a BA from Sydney Susex College Cambs in 1743, MA 1747, Lecturer in Boston Lincs. 1753-73, and latterly Canon of Freiston, Vicar of Freiston-cum-Butterwick 1773-82, Justice of the Peace.


There is a record of Rev John Linton's Will held in the National Archives, written two years before his death, on 30th May 1780:

To or ½ part of all household goods, plate, linen, china, sum of £20, 40 volumes of books of her choice (except those given to d.)
To James, son, £100.
To Eliz.d. messuage & 62a in Leake, Lincs. with lands, also in Leake, in tenure of Wm. Howard.
To Alice, d. messuage & 64½a. in Freiston with cottage & 1a. To Mary, d.messuage & 14a in Leake, also lands in occup. of John Wiley also 2 cottages & 33a in Freiston.
To each d.£10 & all books "in closet in Keeping Parlour".
To Eliz. wf. messuage & 7a in Freiston with 2a in Butterwick & 1a Intake at Sea Bank for life & then to son John.
To Eliz. wf. messuage & 30a in Freiston for life & then to son, Henry. To John, son, all other lands subject to annuities of £12.10 to for life & extra £9.4 p.a. for each d. as long as they reside with mother. To John, son, leasehold estate received of John Dryden of Canons Ashby. To John & Henry, sons, remainder of books and pamphlets. To John remainder of chattels (Exec.)
Field names given in property descriptions.


Linton John
184 Went to school at Coxwold Public School in Yorkshire, AB Sydney sussex college Cambridge 1707, Justice of the Peace, Vicar of Freiston-cum-Butterwick in Lincs for sixty two years 1711-73. "A vigilant and faithful minister of this parish" says the memorial tablet in Freiston church.

In 1711 John Linton became vicar of Butterwick and resided at Whiteloaf Hall.
Whiteloaf Hall has two stepped gables one of which carries a stone in the shape of a loaf of bread dated 1614. It is thought that the first loaf of white bread, in England was baked at this house. Previously brown bread has always been the staple diet. Whiteloaf Hall was a haunt of smugglers when the Wash came close up to the Bank.
source: Freiston Parish Council website. 
Linton John
185 mentioned on a tablet in Frieston Church Linton Margaret
186 Susanna/Susan was born into a well to do family (her father was a Justice of the Peace and landowner), and married Francis a clergyman who also came from a wealthy family. They lived their whole lives in Lincolnshire, she had 5 children, and lived to a ripe old age.

*The postcard is of the 'New Hall' at Sausthorpe. There is also an 'Old Hall' in Sausthorpe that is a hotel, but they are recorded as living at the New Hall in the 1861 census, and in the 1848 Topographical Dictionary of England:
SAUSTHORPE (St. Andrew), a parish, in the union of Spilsby, hundred of Hill, parts of Lindsey, county of Lincoln, 3 miles (N. N. W.) from Spilsby; containing 259 inhabitants. It comprises about 750 acres of land, and is chiefly the property of the Rev. F. Swan, lord of the manor, and patron and incumbent of the benefice. New Hall, the residence of that gentleman, is a handsome mansion with an embattled parapet. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £6. 3. 6½.: the tithes have been commuted for £212. 14. 6., and the glebe consists of 9½ acres. The church is a neat edifice.
source: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 20-23. URL:


1841 Census
Francis Swan, age 50, lives in 'The Hall' at Sausthorpe, occupation 'Holy Orders'.
His wife susannah, age 45 lives with him, along with son Henry age 7.
Also living with them are 4 female and 1 male domestic servants

1851 Census:
Francis Swan, age 63, born City of Lincoln, is Rector of Sausthorpe. His wife is not there on census day, but his two daughteres Mary age 19 and Maria age 22 are, both born in Sausthorpe, along with 4 domestic servants.

1861 Census:
Francis Swan, age 73, born City of Lincoln, is Rector of Sausthorpe and living at 'the New Hall'. His wife is not there on census day, but his son Henry John Swann is, age 27, born Sausthorpe, occupation 'Gentleman no occupation'.
Living with them are 5 domestic servants.

1871 Census:
Francis Swan, age 83, born Lincoln, is Rector of Sausthorpe. Susan Swan his wife, age 75, born Frieston in Lincs, is the Rector's wife. They live in Sausthorpe, address not mentioned.
Living with them are 5 domestic servants, including a coachman and a footman.


1883 Susanna Swan probate record:

The Will of Susanna Swan late of Sausthorpe, in the county of Lincoln, widow, who died 5th March 1883 at Boston in the said county was proved at Lincoln by the Reverend Charles Trollope Swan of Sausthorpe, clerk, the son the sole executor. Personal estate £3345.
Linton Susanna
187 from Rothbury Lund Ann
188 We know about Isobel from a family history book: 'The Gordons and Smiths at Minmore, Auchorachan, and Upper Drumin in Glenlivet' by John Malcolm Bulloch
Published 1910.
Isobel is mentioned on the family tree on p.52

"William Smith, born 1777 : married in 1806 Christina Grant, daughter of John Grant of Mid-Bellandie, afterwards
of Lynbeg, a small farm, and Isobel Macdonald. Her brother, Captain William Grant, 92nd Gordon Highlanders,
fought at Waterloo. She was a first cousin of Mrs George Smith of Minmore." 
MacDonald Isobel
189 Helen was a Highlander all her life, a dressmaker from a small rural cummunity who married John, a Carpenter and moved to Tain where she brought up her family of 3 children, and died aged 55.

" the Highlands and Islands, the spinning-wheel did not appear until quite late in the history of women's work with wool. It was not common among the poorer Gaels in the 18th or the first part of the 19th century.

For a very long time, the drop-spindle was used to spin wool and linen yarn...Spinning with a drop-spindle was quite slow, but the spinner could move about and do other work at the same time, with a freedom that was impossible with a spinning-wheel. She would carry a distaff tucked under her arm with wool fleece prepared and wound round the distaff...Women often wore dark blue wool skirts. To get dark blue, the dyer used indigo, a dyestuff that could be bought from a shop or from a travelling pack-man. For centuries, people grew woad (Isatis tinctoria) in Scotland, but they began to buy indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) imported from foreign countries.

Women also wore skirts made of drugget. Drugget had a linen warp and a wool weft and it was striped in the direction of the warp in different colours. Much later drugget made from a cotton warp became available. Women would buy drugget; it was not the sort of fabric that prople would make on a loom at home. Apparently men did not ever wear clothing made of drugget.

Married women wore a triangular white linen head-scarf or a white linen mutch (bonnet). This custom lasted until the end of the 19th century. Use of the mutch lasted longer than did use of the linen head-scarf. There was considerable variation in the style of mutch worn in different districts."

source: 'Clothing in the Highlands and Islands in the 19th century'


1857 Marriage record, Parish of Rogart:
On 26th June, 1857, John Ross from Tain, aged 33, a House Carpenter, and Helen Kackay from Muir(?) Rogart, aged 29, a Dressmaker, were married.
John's parents are recorded as George Ross, Tenant (deceased) and Jane Ross, maiden name Murray.
Helen's parents are recorded as William MacKay, Merchant, and Christy MacKay, maiden name MacLeod.

1861 Census:
John Ross (born Tain, Rosshire) is 35 yrs old, occuption 'Carpenter (Journeyman)'. He lives with his wife Helen Ross (born Rogal Sutherland) agd 29 in Haffor(?) st in Tain. Also there are daughter Christina aged 2 and son George aged 1 month

1871 Census:
John Ross (born Tain Rosshire) aged 43, occupation Carpenter, is living in Hill st, Tain with his wife Helen (born Rogart, Sutherland) aged 38. their children are Christina 12, George 11, John 8, Willima 6, Donald 4, alexander 1.

Death Record 1888:
On 14th May 1888 at 9:15pm Helen Ross, wife of John Ross, carpenter, died aged 55 yrs, in Hill st, Tain.
She died of Pneumonia, having had it for 20 days. Donald Ross her son was present.
Her father was William MacKay, Merchant, and her mother was Christina MacKay, maiden name MacLeod.
She died after having Pneumonia for 20 days.  
MacKay Helen
190 William was a Merchant, probably based in Rogart from where his daughter was married. Rogart is a crofting village in East Sutherland, in the Highlands.

The village of Rogart was obviously a Mackay stronghold. There are 111 Mackay's recorded as living there in 1812.
These are the William Mackay's listed there for that year:
William, tenant ? Achlean of Pitfure
William, servant ? Pitfure & Corrantorkan
William, residenter ? Dalfeosaig
William, residenter ? Rhilochan
William, tenant ? Brachie
William ? Muiy
William, tenant ? Claggan of Muiy

mention of William:

1857 Marriage record of his daughter, Parish of Rogart:
On 26th June, 1857, John Ross from Tain, aged 33, a House Carpenter, and Helen Mackay from Muir(?) Rogart, aged 29, a Dressmaker, were married.
John's parents are recorded as George Ross, Tenant (deceased) and Jane Ross, maiden name Murray.
Helen's parents are recorded as William MacKay, Merchant, and Christy MacKay, maiden name MacLeod.
MacKay William
191 We know Anne's name from her son John's death certificate MacKenzie Ann
192 Christie was the wife of William MacKay, a Merchant in Sutherland, east highlands, and they probably lived in the crofting village of Rogart.

Only mention of Christie is from the wedding record of her daughter:

1857 Marriage record of her daughter, Parish of Rogart:
On 26th June, 1857, John Ross from Tain, aged 33, a House Carpenter, and Helen Kackay from Muir(?) Rogart, aged 29, a Dressmaker, were married.
John's parents are recorded as George Ross, Tenant (deceased) and Jane Ross, maiden name Murray.
Helen's parents are recorded as William MacKay, Merchant, and Christy MacKay, maiden name MacLeod.
MacLeod Christie
193 Alexander was a saw miller and merchant grocer from the Highlands of Scotland north of Inverness on the East coast.
He lived with his family in Dundee and Inverness.

The sources on him don't agree on dates or ages so until we find a death record for him his record remains a bit un-defined...

In 1841 he and his family were living in Dundee at a time when it was massively expanding both as a commercial port but also with the sudden growth of jute mills which started around 1820 and rapidly expanded to employ 50,000 people.
10 years later and Alexander is listed as a merchant grocer, showing that he must have used his earnings to branch out into trade.


Birth Record 1799:
There is a birth record for an Alexander MacRae in the parish of Urray (which matches later census records), son of Donald MacRae and Jannet MacRae his spouse in Seabord(Seaforth?), born 14th June and baptised 16th June 1799.

Marriage record 1820, Urray Parish:
Alexander MacRae and Margaret Gollan, both in Urray, were matrimonially contracted the 15th and Married the 30th Jan 1820. (Their eldest son William was born in December 1820 so that fits)

1841 census:
Alexander MacRae lives in Dundee, Aged 45, living with his wife Margaret also aged 45 in Gellatley st. His profession is as a 'Sawyer', and they have two daughters living with them Mary aged 15 and Ann aged 12.

1851 census:
Alexander MacRae aged 54 (born Urray Rosshire)is living with his wife Margaret aged 52 (born Urray Rosshire)in No.5 Bogroy, in the Kirkhill area of Inverness.
Alexander is a "merchant grocer" [which chimes with the 'merchant' that Margaret has on her death certificate later] and living with them is daughter Ann aged 22 who is a 'house servant' (born Urray, Rosshire), and granddaughter Margaret aged 4 (born Dundee).

Margaret his wife died as a widow 19th June 1874 at Hartfield St in Tain, so Alexander must have died before her.


Described as 'Alexander MacRae, Merchant' on death record of his widow in 1874.
Described as 'Alexander MacRae, Saw miller' on the death of his son William in 1891 
MacRae Alexander
A. loved to go fishing with the islanders on their finely built canoes. At weekends he would be invited to dine at the home of King Clunes Ross, hte last scottish kings of the islands, and talk about the outside world. [our family still has a walking stick carved by the king for alastair with the following poem on it:
Oh when is the time a maid to kiss?
tell me this, now tell me this
Tis when the day is scarce begun
tis from the setting of the sun
Is time for kissing ever done
Tell me this now tell me this"]

He was apppointed by the Colonial Office to the West African Medical Service in 1923 and was sent to the gold Coast colony after 6 months study at the London School of Tropical Medicine. Of course I cannot describe the early impressions Africa made on him, but if they were anything like mine, he immediately responded to the sights and sounds around him. From the call of the bugle at dawn to the last chirruping of the Cicadas and croak of the frogs at night the air is filled with different and challenging sounds. The morning cry of the Muslim from the Muezzin, the women's shrill voices bargaining in the market, the soporific notes of the 'Brain fever bird' in the forest, all unite to make an African symphony.

He worked for six years as an unmarried medical officer. They were full and vigorous years of work. One time he was called to the scene of a disaster in a remote village during a smallpox vaccination programme. Some dozen or more villagers lay dead beneath a great tree - "surely the work of some bad ju-ju said the villagers" - "surely the work of lightning" said A to himself and to be used it as propaganda in his vaccination programme. He decreed that no-one should lift or touch the dead bodies until each volunteer had been vaccinated. He enjoyed his work up country and travelled hundreds of miles on foot.

My own small hospital for women was next to the General Hospital at Korle-Bu in Accra, and the RMO used to invite me to assist him sometimes in surgery. And it was on one of these occasions that I first met A. in the fancy dress of an operating theatre, both masked and gowned, with all the aroma, ceremonial and dreamlike quality that is somehow attached to that most dramatic of all theatres. Later that evening we met in a different guise at a dance. and looking back I think it was significant of the future, for our life together became a splendid blend of serious and the romantic scenes. Six months later I was saying goodbye to my own hospital to go home to be married.

After we were married our first tour wasn't in Accra but was in Ashanti land in the government hospital in Kumasi, and then he was made the RMO back at Koli Bu.

Funny things often came his way, such as a wild looking man from the northern territories who swore he had a dragon in his belly, so he had tried fishing for it with a hook on a string, which he had swallowed. But time was not entirely absorbed by medicine and surgery, A. became the golf champion of the Gold Coast, we played tennis, but what we enjoyed most was bathing in the warm rough sea. My brother was the medical officer at Achimota Collage [Julius Summerhayes] and we'd sometimes join him and his small family for a picnic.

I was not always out in Africa with A, because short tours were considered better for a mother and child, and one of my abiding memories of him was as our boat would dock at Takoradi harbour, and A. would be standing at the end of the stone jetty, his figure outlined against that peculiarly tropical dawn sky with a beaming smile and welcoming arms to hug me and carry the baby..."
MacRae Alexander Murray
195 Baptised Alexander but always known as Alastair, he was a Doctor in Scotland, Wales, Singapore, the Cocos Keeling Islands, Ghana, Italy and Gloucestersire. He was a fine golfer, served in the Navy in WW1, grew up in the Highlands near Inverness, and was the first of his family to go to University.


The following is an edited version of his life, written by his wife Grace MacRae:

"I heard sometimes of his boyhood in Sutherland - where his love for the sea and the hills had been born
in him, where he had guddled trout in the burns, and learned to swim in the Dornoch Firth. Where he had learned the give and take of a large family of brothers and sisters, with a mother he dearly loved and a father of true Highland stock, respected by his children, and as A. would proudly recount, was the finest skater and curler in the neighbourhood.

In his early school days he was laughed at for his attempts to sing, and never again could he or would he sing, though he was a good and tuneful whistler and would carry a fine appreciation of music through his life. He learned to love history, and nature especially and had some inspiring teachers at Dornoch Academy.

He went to Edinburgh University in 1912 with very little scientific learning. Gone were the days when Highland lads used to arrive, as he used to tell me, with a sack of oatmeal and a barrel of salted herrings.

He played golf from the age of three, and used to tell me that you couldn't expect to be a first class golfer unless you played three rounds of golf a day. He played matches for the university and played for the Royal Burgess club, rushing there on a motorbicycle. He had a natural aptitude and an easy swing and as he drove from the tee, almost to abandon, he had none of that preparation which seems necessary to most people. He was a patient teacher as a well as a good humoured partner who never got rattled by a bad stroke.

Midwifery was a source of much interest to him for he was a student not only of obstetrics but of life, and sometimes lived life pretty near the core, in the poverty stricken alleyways of the Canongate. Often he used to recount incidents in which he had played a part, either there or in the mission in the slums, where students used to go to help and gain experience. One of his fellow students wrote to me recently of 'the qualities he had in the old Edinburgh days of endless kindness, zest, gaiety, freshness of outlook'."

Alastair served in the Navy during WW1. He was allowed to join up in July 1915 and his intention was to join one of the Highland regiments with his friends and had he done so he might have lost his life as so many of them did. But for some reason I can't remember he found himself in the Navy as a surgeon probationer RNVR serving in HM Cameleon and HM Ossary. they spent a good deal of time patrolling up in the north sea beyond Orkney, battling with the elements more often than the enemy; and he told me stories of tremendous storms, of decks awash, of men swept off in the high seas. He also served in both the Spitfire and the Narcissus and went to the mediterranian before he was demobbed in 1917 to finish his studies."

Theres a photo of him on HMS Spitfire taken on 16th Oct 1916.

"...After completing his studies for a year his first clinical jobs were with Sir Robert Phillips at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary and a House Physician at Craig Lockhart Hospital. He then took a locum in the highlands, and then an assistantship in Wales. He enjoyed working with the tough hard miners, but wanted to see the world so applied to the Eastern Telegraph Company and was appointed as a medical officer in Singapore.

There he had his first taste of tropical medicine. He was never a man to content himself in going to the European clubs and often felt more at home wit people of the many countries who lived there - Malay, Chinese, Indians, French, Japs, the lot! After a period the company then posted Alastair to their station on the Cocos Keeling islands. I used to say, though he refuted the idea, that they were the happiest days of his life.
MacRae Alexander Murray
196 WW2 then happened, Alastair wanted to join up but the govt sent him back to Ghana again to run the hospital while his family stayed in England. On one journey back to Africa his boat was torpedoed three days out and the one thing A. grabbed before taking to the boats was a good pair of binoculars he used for bird watching. One or two of the small boats capsized and 30 people were lost before a Swedish boat picked them up and took them back to Liverpool. Meanwhile Grace ran Park House on Minchinhampton common - which Alastair had chosen on leave - as a general refuge for all the Summerhayes nieces and nephews during the war, as well as their own two children Christopher and Susannah. Alastair continued to work in Accra until 1946, suffering one very serious bout of illness, and retired through ill health back to England. Here he grew to love his adopted Gloucestershire, became chairman of the parish council, helped a local GP, and took an interest in everything from history to the natural world, and enjoyed huge long walks across the hills.

He worled for the UNRRA on public health in Italy for a year after WW2, with an office on St Mark?s square in Venice. 'A particularly delightful tribute was paid to him when at the re-opening of a small hospital in Dolo an address of thanks was presented to him, inscribed on parchment, which ended with the words " remember particularly the well deserving name of Dr Alexander MacRae, Regional Sanitary Officer of the UNRRA, generaous originator of this action who helps without humiliating."

Here is an excerpt from one of this letters to Grace, which she quotes; 'This is my first Sunday in Rome, and I celebrated it by walking down to the Palatine Hill, along the Sacred Way to the Forum and then back to the Scottish Church just in time for Service. I still feel a bit unreal, and as I stood on top of the hills by the ruins of the palaces of Augustus and Hadrian, and a big plane roared overhead and loosed clouds of leaflets on the city, I couldn't help thinking of the centuries of suffering that had troubled the world, since the first Chirstian Martyrs were thrown to the wild beasts in the Amphitheatre of the Colosseum down to this last world war. This City embodied much of the lust for power carried on by Hitler and Mussolini; and the power is only shown now in ruined columns and circuses, in magnificent remains of gateways and buildings; it makes me think. I am not greatly impressed by Rome - a curious thing to say but nonetheless true. What does impress me is the invisible power of the human spirit which has survived all the memorials of the past. The intangible something, not expressed I stone or sculpture. Do you follow what I mean?' Grace joined him out there for a 2 month holiday which obviously made a big impression on her, both because it was Italy, but also being with her husband who she hadn't seen for months.

Grace wrote after his death, after 38 years of being together, 'I have often heard him repeat those well worn words "To cure sometimes, to heal often, to comfort always". They must have had second sight, those who at his christening named him Alexander - helper of men.'


Birth record 1895, Dornoch.
Alexander MacRae. born 27th January, father Roderick MacRae, Master Plumber, mother Christina MacRae, Ms Ross, married 15th May 1884 Edinburgh.

1901 Census:
Roderick Macrae lives with his family at Fountain Cottage in Bridge st, in Dornoch. He's aged 47, a Plumber and Bell Hanger, and an employer (born Dingwall, Rosshire) and the house has 5 rooms. His wife Christina is 42 (born Tain, Rosshire).
Children: Helen 16 a scholar, William 15 plumbers apprentice, Christina 13, Roderick 9, Donal 7, Alexander 6, Elizabeth 4, Georgina 2.

1911 Census:
the family stil live at Fountain Cottage, Bridge st in Tain. Roderick is 57, a Master Plumber and employer, Christina is 53.
christina is 23, Donald 17 and an apprentice Plumber, Alexander 15, elizabeth 14, Georgina 12. 
MacRae Alexander Murray
197 Susannah was brought up in Minchinhampton, Nr Stroud, Reading University where she was a keen sailor, 1954 Dip ed in Oxford University, 1955 royal college of music associate, 1954-59 teacher at Mary Datchelor school in Camberwell, 1960 MA in Eng Lit at Mills college California, 1961-64 Head of english at Budo college in Kampala Uganda, married 1965, 1965-75 teacher in Malvern. 1970-84 various jobs in music and teaching while bringing up 4 sons in Nigeria, Malawi, Greece and UK, 1985-96 English teacher and housemistress in Lancing Collage, Sussex, 1988-2005 Trustee of SPW

Four sons; Christopher, Robert, James, David  
MacRae Alison Grace Susannah
198 Also known as Ellen MacRae Helen
199 she is a domestic servant in 1861 Census MacRae Jessie
200 A domestic servant in 1881 Census and living with her parents MacRae Mary

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